Dual targeting of TNF-α and free radical toxic stress as a promising strategy to manage experimental polycystic ovary.

Abstract

CONTEXT It is now clear that oxidative stress (OS) and chronic low-grade inflammation are two main pathways involved in polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) pathogenesis. Therefore, simultaneous targeting of these pathways by means of carvedilol and Semelil (ANGIPARS™), as established medicines with dual anti-cytokine and anti-oxidant potential may be a therapeutic alternative approach to the current treatments. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study is to study the protective effects of carvedilol and ANGIPARS™ on inflammatory and oxidative response in hyperandrogenism-induced polycystic ovary (PCO). MATERIALS AND METHODS The murine model of PCO was induced by letrozole (1 mg/kg/d; orally) and effective doses of carvedilol (10 mg/kg/d; orally) and ANGIPARS™ (2.1 mg/kg/d; orally) were administrated for 21 d in PCO and non-PCO healthy rats. Ovarian folliculogenesis, sex hormones concentrations, OS, inflammatory, and metabolic biomarkers were assessed in serum and ovaries. RESULTS PCO rats exhibited ovarian cystogenesis which was preserved by the application of carvedilol and ANGIPARS™. In comparison with controls, decreased level of the total antioxidant power (TAP) and higher levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) in serum and ovaries (2.41 ± 0.67 versus 0.72 ± 0.11; and 0.17 ± 0.04 versus 0.05 ± 0.01; 5.48 ± 1.30 versus 10.56 ± 0.77; and 7.06 ± 1.94 versus 17.98 ± 0.98; p < 0.05, respectively) were detected in PCO rats. Moreover, the PCO rats exhibited hyperandrogenism due to a 3.7-fold increase in serum testosterone concentration (35.04 ± 3.17 versus 131.09 ± 13.24; p < 0.05) along with a 2.98-fold decrease in serum progesterone (6.19 ± 0.40 versus 18.50 ± 1.03; p < 0.05) and 5.2-fold decrease in serum estradiol (9.30 ± 0.61 versus 48.3 ± 2.10; p < 0.05) when compared with those of the control group. However, similar to the control group, normal levels of OS markers and sex hormones were detected in ANGIPARS™ and carvedilol co-treated PCO rats. Besides, when compared with controls, increased levels of TNF-α (770.75 ± 42.06 versus 477.14 ± 28.77; p < 0.05) and insulin (1.27 ± 0.10 versus 0.36 ± 0.05; p < 0.05) in PCO rats were significantly inhibited by carvedilol and ANGIPARS™ co-treatment. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION We evidenced the beneficial effects of carvedilol and ANGIPARS™ in PCO, which underpin the new alternative approach in using these kinds of medicines in female reproductive disorders.

DOI: 10.3109/13880209.2015.1014922

Cite this paper

@article{Rezvanfar2016DualTO, title={Dual targeting of TNF-α and free radical toxic stress as a promising strategy to manage experimental polycystic ovary.}, author={Mohammad Amin Rezvanfar and Sarah Saeedi and Parisa Mansoori and Sepideh Saadat and Maziar Goosheh and Habib Allah Shojaei Saadi and Maryam Baeeri and Mohammad Abdollahi}, journal={Pharmaceutical biology}, year={2016}, volume={54 1}, pages={80-90} }