Dual origins of the Japanese: common ground for hunter-gatherer and farmer Y chromosomes

  title={Dual origins of the Japanese: common ground for hunter-gatherer and farmer Y chromosomes},
  author={Michael F. Hammer and Tatiana Karafet and Hwayong Park and Keiichi Omoto and Shinji Harihara and Mark Stoneking and Satoshi Horai},
  journal={Journal of Human Genetics},
AbstractHistoric Japanese culture evolved from at least two distinct migrations that originated on the Asian continent. Hunter-gatherers arrived before land bridges were submerged after the last glacial maximum (>12,000 years ago) and gave rise to the Jomon culture, and the Yayoi migration brought wet rice agriculture from Korea beginning ∼2,300 years ago. A set of 81 Y chromosome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was used to trace the origins of Paleolithic and Neolithic components of the… 

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