Dual in vitro effects of cortisol on cell turnover in the medaka esophagus via the glucocorticoid receptor.

AIMS Cortisol is a glucocorticoid in mammals, but has both gluco- and mineralocorticoid activities in teleost fish. Our previous in vivo studies on osmoregulatory esophagi of euryhaline fish showed that epithelial apoptosis for the simple epithelium in seawater and cell proliferation for the stratified epithelium in fresh water are both induced by cortisol… (More)