Dual-Process Models in Social and Cognitive Psychology: Conceptual Integration and Links to Underlying Memory Systems

  title={Dual-Process Models in Social and Cognitive Psychology: Conceptual Integration and Links to Underlying Memory Systems},
  author={Eliot R. Smith and Jamie DeCoster},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Review},
  pages={108 - 131}
Models postulating 2 distinct processing modes have been proposed in several topic areas within social and cognitive psychology. We advance a new conceptual model of the 2 processing modes. The structural basis of the new model is the idea, supported by psychological and neuropsychological evidence, that humans possess 2 memory systems. One system slowly learns general regularities, whereas the other can quickly form representations of unique or novel events. Associative retrieval or pattern… 

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