Dual Causality and the Autonomy of Biology

  title={Dual Causality and the Autonomy of Biology},
  author={W. Bock},
  journal={Acta Biotheoretica},
  • W. Bock
  • Published 2017
  • Medicine
  • Acta Biotheoretica
Ernst Mayr’s concept of dual causality in biology with the two forms of causes (proximate and ultimate) continues to provide an essential foundation for the philosophy of biology. They are equivalent to functional (=proximate) and evolutionary (=ultimate) causes with both required for full biological explanations. The natural sciences can be classified into nomological, historical nomological and historical dual causality, the last including only biology. Because evolutionary causality is… Expand
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  • E. Mayr
  • Biology, Physics
  • The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1996
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