Drugs and Driving

@article{Walsh2004DrugsAD,
  title={Drugs and Driving},
  author={John Michael Walsh and Johan J. de Gier and A S Christopherson and Alain G. Verstraete},
  journal={Traffic Injury Prevention},
  year={2004},
  volume={5},
  pages={241 - 253}
}
The authors present a global overview on the issue of drugs and driving covering four major areas: (1) Epidemiology and Prevalence—which reviews epidemiological research, summarizes available information, discusses the methodological shortcomings of extant studies, and makes recommendations for future research to better define prevalence and epidemiology; (2) Effects of Medicinal and Illegal Drugs on Driving Performance—focuses on the six classes of drugs most often found in impaired and… 
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TLDR
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References

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TLDR
Methodological issues relevant to the epidemiology of drugs (other than alcohol) and driving are examined to identify key methodological problems in surveys designed to determine the incidence and role of drugs in road crashes and recommend standardized methods for data capture and analysis to overcome or, at least, minimize these problems.
Review: Drugs and Traffic Collisions
Three categories of drugs, and specific commonly used drug subcategories are examined in this paper: depressants (benzodiazepines, methadone), stimulants (cocaine), and hallucinogens (cannabis).
Medicinal and illegal drugs among Danish car drivers.
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TLDR
Blood specimens were collected from a sample of 1882 drivers from 7 States, during 14 months in the years 1990 and 1991, to determine their prevalence rates, their causal role in the crashes, and associated driver, vehicle, and crash factors.
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TLDR
It is concluded that lack of legal provisions to conduct the appropriate research is till the most important barrier to changing knowledge on drug related accidents and priority should be given to harmonization of standardization of research protocols and police procedures for improving relevant statistics.
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TLDR
It was showed that drivers who use cannabis, amphetamine or high doses of benzodiazepines run a considerable risk of being involved in an injury accident, comparable to BAC levels of O.1 - 0.15 percent.
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TLDR
Application of actual driving tests remains essential to conclusively defining the potential hazard of drugs for driving and a strong linear relation between antidepressant effects in the standard driving test and the number of patients reporting somnolence in clinical trials with the same antidepressants is revealed.
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TLDR
Analysis of data for the crash-involved drivers suggested that these findings were not due to confounding by alcohol use or driving frequency, and the relative risk of injurious crash involvement for current users of any psychoactive drug was 1.5.
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TLDR
In 1995, Norway had 4-15 times more apprehended drugged drivers compared to other Nordic countries and the high frequency of rearrests, requires other reactions in addition to fines, imprisonment and lose of driving licence.
Practical aspects of roadside tests for administrative traffic offences in Germany.
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