Drug interactions and the cytochrome P450 system. The role of cytochrome P450 2C19.

Abstract

On the basis of the data currently available, the wild type cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) gene appears to be absent in 2 to 6% of Caucasian populations and up to 20% of Asian populations. A poor metaboliser phenotype therefore results. The CYP2C19 phenotype can be determined clinically by use of either mephenytoin or omeprazole as the probe. Since both… (More)

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