Drug-induced constipation

@article{Branch2009DruginducedC,
  title={Drug-induced constipation},
  author={Rebecca L Branch and Tehreem F. Butt},
  journal={Adverse Drug Reaction Bulletin},
  year={2009},
  volume={\&NA;},
  pages={987–990}
}
Constipation is a common and often debilitating adverse effect of many drugs. Here, we discuss drug classes associated with constipation, including opiates, calcium channel blockers, and anticholinergic agents, and aim to explain the underlying mechanisms involved. 
Efficacy and safety of laxatives for chronic constipation in long‐term care settings: A systematic review
TLDR
There are no systematic reviews investigating the use of laxatives for chronic constipation in LTC settings and this study aims to explore the safety and efficacy of laxative in L TC patients.
Constipation in older adults: stepwise approach to keep things moving.
TLDR
The prevalence of constipation increases with age and differs among settings, and in individuals 65 years of age or older in the community, the prevalence is 26% for women and 16% for men.
Diagnostic Approach to Refractory Constipation
TLDR
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Chronic Constipation in the Community: A National Survey of Australian Adults.
  • B. Werth, M. Fisher, K. Williams, L. Pont
  • Medicine
    Journal of wound, ostomy, and continence nursing : official publication of The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses Society
  • 2020
TLDR
Chronic constipation is prevalent among community-dwelling adults and various factors associated with chronic constipation have been identified, and knowledge of these factors may help health care professionals recognize individuals who are at high risk of Chronic constipation.
Diagnostic Approach to Refractory Constipation
난치성 변비 환자가 방문하였을 때 우선적으로 세밀한 병력 청취와 신체 검사를 통해 이차성 변비를 놓쳤을 가능성이 없는지를 다시 한 번 확인하여야 한다. 전통적인 완하제 복용에도 효과가 없다면 프루칼로프라이드를 고려하고 반응이 없다면 직장항문 기능 검사를 시행하여 변비의 병태생리를 평가한다. 검사 결과에 따라 약물 혹은 바이오피드백 치료를 시행하며 내과

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