Drug dependence, a chronic medical illness: implications for treatment, insurance, and outcomes evaluation.

@article{Mclellan2000DrugDA,
  title={Drug dependence, a chronic medical illness: implications for treatment, insurance, and outcomes evaluation.},
  author={A. Thomas Mclellan and David C. Lewis and Charles P. O'brien and Herbert D. Kleber},
  journal={JAMA},
  year={2000},
  volume={284 13},
  pages={
          1689-95
        }
}
The effects of drug dependence on social systems has helped shape the generally held view that drug dependence is primarily a social problem, not a health problem. [] Key Method A literature review compared the diagnoses, heritability, etiology (genetic and environmental factors), pathophysiology, and response to treatments (adherence and relapse) of drug dependence vs type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and asthma. Genetic heritability, personal choice, and environmental factors are comparably involved…
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