The Economy of Opium and Heroin Production in Afghanistan and Its Impact on HIV Epidemiology in Central Asia
- Political Science
The dramatic increase of poppy cultivation and opium production in Afghanistan has led to a serious drug addiction problem in te world. The rising heroin use, because of needle sharing, may lead to a…
HIV Risks, Testing, and Treatment in the Former Soviet Union: Challenges and Future Directions in Research and Methodology
- MedicineCentral Asian journal of global health
This systematic review of the literature found common threads in HIV research in the former Soviet Union and useful recommendations for future research studies, but also revealed methodological limitations that span the existing studies.
Chapter 25 HIV in Central Asia: Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan
- Political Science
The Central Asian Republics of Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan varyin size, gross national product, social and political organization, and ethniccomposition. Nonetheless, a number of factors…
Central Asia: hotspot in the worldwide HIV epidemic.
- MedicineThe Lancet. Infectious diseases
Contextual factors influencing HIV risk behaviour in Central Asia
- Political ScienceCulture, health & sexuality
A contextual foundation is provided to better understand the impact of context on HIV risk behaviour in the countries of Central Asia and to begin the conversation on the contextual factors of Islam and polygamy.
Drug use and harm reduction in Afghanistan
- Political ScienceHarm reduction journal
Opium has been cultivated in Afghanistan since 1100 A.D., although production has steadily increased since 1979. Currently, Afghanistan produces three-quarters of the global opium supply, with…
Characterization of the emerging HIV type 1 and HCV epidemics among injecting drug users in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
- Medicine, BiologyAIDS research and human retroviruses
Targeted prevention programs offering both needle exchange programs and opiate substitution therapies are urgently called for to prevent the further spread of HIV and HCV in Tajikistan.
Historical trends in the production and consumption of illicit drugs in Mexico: implications for the prevention of blood borne infections.
- Political ScienceDrug and alcohol dependence
Epidemics of HIV and sexually transmitted infections in Central Asia: Trends, drivers and priorities for control
Partner notification among HCV-positive couples who inject drugs
The findings from this study emphasize the importance of service access among PWID and point to the need for additional research on HCV counseling and notification strategies as a component of health services for injection drug users.