Drowning by total immersion. Effects on pulmonary surfactant of distilled water, isotonic saline, and sea water.

@article{Giammona1967DrowningBT,
  title={Drowning by total immersion. Effects on pulmonary surfactant of distilled water, isotonic saline, and sea water.},
  author={Samuel T. Giammona and Jerome H. Modell},
  journal={American journal of diseases of children},
  year={1967},
  volume={114 6},
  pages={
          612-6
        }
}
DEATH by drowning is one of the major causes of childhood mortality. Studies of the mechanisms of drowning have demonstrated that two types of death may occur. 1 Asphyxia without fluid aspiration is responsible for less than 10% of drowning deaths, but fluid aspiration occurs in about 80% to 90% of drowning victims. 2 The pathophysiological changes which occur during drowning with fluid aspiration depend upon both the composition and volume of fluid aspirated. 3-5 The most consistent finding in… CONTINUE READING

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