Drowned Earth: The Strategic Breaching of the Yellow River Dyke, 1938

@article{Lary2001DrownedET,
  title={Drowned Earth: The Strategic Breaching of the Yellow River Dyke, 1938},
  author={Diana Lary},
  journal={War in History},
  year={2001},
  volume={8},
  pages={191 - 207}
}
  • D. Lary
  • Published 1 April 2001
  • Political Science
  • War in History
Early in the war of resistance against Japan, the Chinese military command used a tragic version of scorched-earth tactics: they denied access to the Japanese imperial army to a vast stretch of China not by literally scorching it but by drowning it. In June 1938 the Chinese command turned the ultimate symbol of Chinese civilization, the Yellow River, into a weapon of war. The southern dyke of the River was breached at Huayuankou (Flower Garden Mouth) in Henan, 30 miles to the west of the… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

A River Runs through It: The Yellow River and The Chinese Civil War, 1946–1947
In June 1938 China's Nationalist government breached a major Yellow River dike in a drastic attempt to use flooding to slow the Japanese invasion. The strategic breach caused the Yellow River to
A WARTIME STAMPEDE: RENEWING A SOCIAL CONTRACT AFTER THE GREAT TUNNEL DISASTER OF CHONGQING
  • Ying-kit Chan
  • Political Science
    International Journal of Asian Studies
  • 2017
Although the Second Sino-Japanese War (the “War”) ended many decades ago, hostilities between China and Japan are still raw in the memory of many Chinese people, even though most of them did not
The Largest Act of Environmental Warfare in History
Although the destruction of oil fields in the Persian Gulf War of 1991 riveted public attention on war and the environment, this was neither the first nor the largest act of environmental warfare in
From “Nourish the People” to “Sacrifice for the Nation”: Changing Responses to Disaster in Late Imperial and Modern China
This article seeks to spark a conversation about shifting conceptualizations of disaster under modernizing states. It employs case studies of two major disasters, the North China Famine of 1876–79
Refugees, Land Reclamation, and Militarized Landscapes in Wartime China: Huanglongshan, Shaanxi, 1937–45
This article investigates relationships between refugee flight and environmental change during the Sino-Japanese War of 1937–45 through a study of land reclamation projects in Shaanxi's Huanglongshan
Bringing Asia into Focus: Civilians and Combatants in the Line of Fire in China and Indochina
As readers of War & Society know well, the study of war has long shifted from strict military history to wider, interdisciplinary refl ections on the impact of war upon states, societies, and
Wartime Atrocities and the Politics of Treason in the Ruins of the Japanese Empire, 1937-1953
Justice and Expediency The opening trial gripped the attention of the entire colony. Yet, the violence allegedly committed by the accused that was to guide the selection of those tried offered
The Ecology of War in China: Henan Province, the Yellow River, and Beyond, 1938–1950
Introduction 1. A militarized river: the 1938 Yellow River flood and its aftermath 2. Stories of survival: refugee migration and ecological adaptation 3. Military metabolism and the Henan famine of
The Rebirth of Water as a Weapon: IS in Syria and Iraq
AbstractThe so-called Islamic State (IS) has increasingly used water as a weapon in order to further its political and military aims in Syria and Iraq. In this water-scarce region, IS has retained
“Warphans” and “Quiet” Heroines: Depictions of Chinese Women and Children in the Comité mondial des femmes contre la guerre et le fascisme's Campaigns during the Second Sino-Japanese War
  • J. Calver
  • Political Science
    International Review of Social History
  • 2022
Abstract The Comité mondial des femmes contre la guerre et le fascisme (CMF) was an international organization formed under the direction of the Communist International in 1934 in response to the
...
1
2
3
...