Drosophila myosin-XX functions as an actin-binding protein to facilitate the interaction between Zyx102 and actin.

Abstract

The class XX myosin is a member of the diverse myosin superfamily and exists in insects and several lower invertebrates. DmMyo20, the class XX myosin in Drosophila, is encoded by dachs, which functions as a crucial downstream component of the Fat signaling pathway, influencing growth, affinity, and gene expression during development. Sequence analysis shows that DmMyo20 contains a unique N-terminal extension, the motor domain, followed by one IQ motif, and a C-terminal tail. To investigate the biochemical properties of DmMyo20, we expressed several DmMyo20 truncated constructs containing the motor domain in the baculovirus/Sf9 system. We found that the motor domain of DmMyo20 had neither ATPase activity nor the ability to bind to ATP, suggesting that DmMyo20 does not function as a molecular motor. We found that the motor domain of DmMyo20 could specifically bind to actin filaments in an ATP-independent manner and enhance the interaction between actin filaments and Zyx102, a downstream component of DmMyo20 in the Fat signaling pathway. These results suggest that DmMyo20 functions as a scaffold protein, but not as a molecular motor, in a signaling pathway controlling cell differentiation.

DOI: 10.1021/bi401236c

Cite this paper

@article{Cao2014DrosophilaMF, title={Drosophila myosin-XX functions as an actin-binding protein to facilitate the interaction between Zyx102 and actin.}, author={Yang Cao and Howard D. White and Xiang-Dong Li}, journal={Biochemistry}, year={2014}, volume={53 2}, pages={350-60} }