Droplet electroporation in microfluidics for efficient cell transformation with or without cell wall removal.

An efficient cell transformation method is presented that utilizes droplet electroporation on a microfluidic chip. Two types of green microalgae, a wall-less mutant and a wild type of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, are used as model cells. The PDMS-glass electroporation chip is simply composed of a flow-focusing microstructure for generating cell-encapsulating… (More)