Dr. Gottlieb Burckhardt the Pioneer of Psychosurgery

  title={Dr. Gottlieb Burckhardt the Pioneer of Psychosurgery},
  author={James L. Stone},
  journal={Journal of the History of the Neurosciences},
  pages={79 - 92}
  • J. Stone
  • Published 1 March 2001
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
The first attempt at psychosurgeryintentional damage to the intact brain for the relief of mental illness–was undertaken in 1888 by the Swiss psychiatrist Gottlieb Burckhardt. Six chronic schizophrenic patients underwent localized cerebral cortical excisions. Most patients showed improvement and became easier to manage, although one died from the procedure and several had aphasia or seizures. Burckhardt, a learned neuropsychiatrist, presented his results in 1890 and in 1891 published his… 

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  • 1993
In 1935, Egas Moniz inaugurated a surgical procedure in the treatment of certain psychoses. By interrupting some of the connections between the prefrontal lobes and other parts of the brain, some

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  • 1942
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