Doxycycline-regulated GDNF expression promotes axonal regeneration and functional recovery in transected peripheral nerve.

Abstract

Increased production of neurotrophic factors (NTFs) is one of the key responses seen following peripheral nerve injury, making them an attractive choice for pro-regenerative gene therapies. However, the downside of over-expression of certain NTFs, including glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), was earlier found to be the trapping and misdirection of regenerating axons, the so-called 'candy-store' effect. We report a proof-of-principle study on the application of conditional GDNF expression system in injured peripheral nerve. We engineered Schwann cells (SCs) using dendrimers or lentiviral transduction with the vector providing doxycycline-regulated GDNF expression. Injection of GDNF-modified cells into the injured peripheral nerve followed by time-restricted administration of doxycycline demonstrated that GDNF expression in SCs can also be controlled locally in the peripheral nerves of the experimental animals. Cell-based GDNF therapy was shown to increase the extent of axonal regeneration, while controlled deactivation of GDNF effectively prevented trapping of regenerating axons in GDNF-enriched areas, and was associated with improved functional recovery.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2013.10.004
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@article{Shakhbazau2013DoxycyclineregulatedGE, title={Doxycycline-regulated GDNF expression promotes axonal regeneration and functional recovery in transected peripheral nerve.}, author={Antos Shakhbazau and Chandan B. Mohanty and Dzmitry Shcharbin and Maria J Bryszewska and Anne-Marie Caminade and Jean Pierre Majoral and Jacob Daniel de Villiers Alant and Rajiv Midha}, journal={Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society}, year={2013}, volume={172 3}, pages={841-51} }