Down-modulation of the CXCR4 co-receptor by intracellular expression of a single chain variable fragment (SFv) inhibits HIV-1 entry into primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells and post-mitotic neurons.


Our laboratories previously demonstrated that expression of a single chain variable antibody fragment (SFv), anti-CXCR4 SFv, in human lymphoid cells suppresses surface display of the chemokine co-receptor CXCR4 and inhibits infectious entry of human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1). We now sought to extend these results to two types of central nervous… (More)


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