Down's syndrome and leukemia: epidemiology, genetics, cytogenetics and mechanisms of leukemogenesis.


The association of Down's syndrome and leukemia has been documented for over 50 years. Multiple studies have established the incidence of leukemia in Down's syndrome patients to be 10- to 20-fold higher than that in the general population. The age of onset for leukemia in these children is bimodal, peaking first in the newborn period and again at 3-6 years… (More)