Double-stranded RNA induces the synthesis of retinoic acid-inducible gene-I in vascular endothelial cells.

Abstract

Viral infection induces various responses in vascular endothelial cells. Polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly IC) is a synthetic double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), and treatment of cells with poly IC mimics the viral infection to the cells. Retinoic acid-inducible gene-I (RIG-I) is a protein belonging to the DExH-box family and designated as a putative RNA helicase. RIG-I is considered to play a role in antiviral responses through the regulation of gene expressions. In the present study, the authors treated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) with poly IC and found that poly IC induced the expression of RIG-I. The poly IC-induced RIG-I expression was inhibited by the preincubation of the cells with 2-aminopurine, an inhibitor of dsRNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR). Immunohistochemical examination revealed high levels of RIG-I immunoreactivity in vascular endothelial cells in the thalamus from rats inoculated with hantavirus. Induction of RIG-I by poly IC may be involved in the antiviral responses in endothelial cells.

Cite this paper

@article{Imaizumi2005DoublestrandedRI, title={Double-stranded RNA induces the synthesis of retinoic acid-inducible gene-I in vascular endothelial cells.}, author={Tadaatsu Imaizumi and Mai Hatakeyama and K Yamashita and Akira Ishikawa and Hideaki Yoshida and Katashi Satoh and Kageaki Taima and Fumiaki Mori and Keiji Wakabayashi}, journal={Endothelium : journal of endothelial cell research}, year={2005}, volume={12 3}, pages={133-7} }