Double Burden of Noncommunicable and Infectious Diseases in Developing Countries

  title={Double Burden of Noncommunicable and Infectious Diseases in Developing Countries},
  author={Ib Christian Bygbjerg},
  pages={1499 - 1501}
On top of the unfinished agenda of infectious diseases in low- and middle-income countries, development, industrialization, urbanization, investment, and aging are drivers of an epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Malnutrition and infection in early life increase the risk of chronic NCDs in later life, and in adult life, combinations of major NCDs and infections, such as diabetes and tuberculosis, can interact adversely. Because intervention against either health problem will affect… 

Prevention of opportunistic non-communicable diseases

This work proposes the concept of opportunistic NCDs, hoping that fighting against infections, and for better maternal and child health, is becoming acknowledged as essential for the early prevention of N CDs.

Shifting from infectious diseases to non-communicable diseases: A double burden of diseases in Bangladesh

Action to reduce should focus on preventing and controlling the risk factors in an integrated manner, and intervention at all levels of society is essential for prevention by amplifying awareness of people about a perfect and healthy lifestyle.

Bangladesh is Experiencing Double Burden with Infectious Diseases and Non-communicable Diseases (NCD's): An Issue of Emerging Epidemics

Intervention at all levels of society, from communities to governments, private organizations and nongovernmental groups, is crucial for prevention by intensifying awareness of people about a perfect and healthy lifestyle.

HIV and Noncommunicable Disease Comorbidities in the Era of Antiretroviral Therapy: A Vital Agenda for Research in Low- and Middle-Income Country Settings

Some of the challenges and opportunities for addressing HIV and NCD comorbidities in low- and middle-income countries are presented, and the research agenda that emerges from the articles that follow is previewed.

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Double burden of malnutrition: A silent driver of double burden of disease in low– and middle–income countries

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After 2015: infectious diseases in a new era of health and development

  • C. Dye
  • Medicine
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2014
Five aspects of the fight against infection beyond 2015 are highlighted, including exploiting the biological links between infectious and non-infectious diseases; controlling infections among the new urban majority; enhancing the response to international health threats; expanding childhood immunization programmes to prevent acute and chronic diseases in adults; and working towards universal health coverage.

Integration of non-communicable diseases in health care: tackling the double burden of disease in African settings

Sub-Saharan African countries now face the double burden of Non Communicable and Communicable Diseases. This situation represents a major threat to fragile health systems and emphasises the need for

Integrating tuberculosis and noncommunicable diseases care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs): A systematic review

This review explores the mechanisms for service integration for TB and NCDs and elucidates the facilitators and barriers for implementing integrated service models in LMIC settings and offers recommendations for policy implementation and improvements for similar integrated programmes.



The global burden of chronic diseases: overcoming impediments to prevention and control.

A more concerted, strategic, and multisectoral policy approach, underpinned by solid research, is essential to help reverse the negative trends in the global incidence of chronic disease.

The looming epidemic of diabetes-associated tuberculosis: learning lessons from HIV-associated tuberculosis.

  • A. HarriesY. Lin A. Kapur
  • Medicine
    The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
  • 2011
It is argued that the epidemiological interactions and the effects on clinical presentation and treatment resulting from the interaction between diabetes and TB are similar to those observed for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and TB.

Nutrition, Diabetes and Tuberculosis in the Epidemiological Transition

Nutritional and demographic changes had stronger adverse effects on TB in high-incident India than in lower-incidence Korea, and the unfavourable effects in both countries can be overcome by early drug treatment but, if left unchecked, could lead to an accelerating rise in TB incidence.

Tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus: convergence of two epidemics.

Physiological adaption to maternal malaria and other adverse exposure: Low birth weight, functional capacity, and possible metabolic disease in adult life

  • D. ChristensenA. KapurIb C. Bygbjerg
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    International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 2011

Population causes and consequences of leading chronic diseases: a comparative analysis of prevailing explanations.

  • D. Stuckler
  • Economics, Medicine
    The Milbank quarterly
  • 2008
Macrosocial and macroeconomic forces are major determinants of population rises in chronic disease mortality, and some prevailing demographic explanations, such as population aging, are incomplete on methodological, empirical, and policy grounds.

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Although the potential effects of improved breast-feeding and complementary feeding appear large, funding for research and greater use of existing effective interventions seems low compared with other life-saving child health interventions.