Dose reduction of cone beam CT scanning for the entire oral and maxillofacial regions with thyroid collars.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of thyroid collars on radiation dose during cone beam CT (CBCT) scanning. METHODS Average tissue-absorbed dose for a NewTom 9000 CBCT scanner (Quantitative Radiology, Verona, Italy) was measured using thermoluminescent dosemeter chips in a phantom. The scans were carried out with and without thyroid collars. Effective organ dose and total effective dose were derived using International Commission on Radiological Protection 2007 recommendations. RESULTS The effective organ doses for the thyroid gland and oesophagus were 31.0 µSv and 2.4 µSv, respectively, during CBCT scanning without a collar around the neck. When the thyroid collars were used loosely around the neck, no effective organ dose reduction was observed. When one thyroid collar was used tightly on the front of the neck, the effective organ dose for the thyroid gland and oesophagus were reduced to 15.9 µSv (48.7% reduction) and 1.4 µSv (41.7% reduction), respectively. Similar organ dose reduction (46.5% and 41.7%) was achieved when CBCT scanning was performed with two collars tightly on the front and back of the neck. However, the differences to the total effective dose were not significant among the scans with and without collars around the neck (p = 0.775). CONCLUSIONS Thyroid collars can effectively reduce the radiation dose to the thyroid and oesophagus if used appropriately.

DOI: 10.1259/dmfr/30200901

Cite this paper

@article{Qu2012DoseRO, title={Dose reduction of cone beam CT scanning for the entire oral and maxillofacial regions with thyroid collars.}, author={Xing Min Qu and Guang Li and Gerard C. H. Sanderink and Z Zhang and Xiao-xia Ma}, journal={Dento maxillo facial radiology}, year={2012}, volume={41 5}, pages={373-8} }