- Published 2010 in Journal of radiation research

Photoactivation of nuclear isomer (115m)In with a halflife of 4.48 h occurs by (60)Co gamma-ray irradiation. This is because the resonance gamma-ray absorption occurs at 1078 keV level for stable (115)In, and that energy gamma-rays are produced by Compton scattering of (60)Co primary gamma-rays. In this work, photoactivation of (115m)In was applied to estimate the dose rate distribution around a (60)Co irradiation source utilizing a standard dose rate taken by alanine dosimeter. The (115m)In photoactivation was measured at 10 to 160 cm from the (60)Co source. The derived dose rate distribution shows a good agreement with both alanine dosimeter data and Monte Carlo simulation. It is found that angular distribution of the dose rate along a circumference at radius 2.8 cm from the central axis shows +/- 10% periodical variation reflecting the radioactive strength of the source rods, but less periodic distribution at radius 10 and 20 cm. The (115m)In photoactivation along the vertical direction in the central irradiation port strongly depends on the height and radius as indicated by Monte Carlo simulation. It is demonstrated that (115m)In photoactivation is a convenient method to estimate the dose rate distribution around a (60)Co source.

@article{Murataka2010DoseRE,
title={Dose rate estimation around a 60Co gamma-ray irradiation source by means of 115mIn photoactivation.},
author={Ayanori Murataka and Satoru Endo and Yasuaki Kojima and Kiyoshi Shizuma},
journal={Journal of radiation research},
year={2010},
volume={51 2},
pages={197-203}
}