Dose-dependent effects of alcohol on appetite and food intake

  title={Dose-dependent effects of alcohol on appetite and food intake},
  author={Samantha J. Caton and Mary Catherine Ball and A. Ahern and Marion M. Hetherington},
  journal={Physiology \& Behavior},

Short term effects of alcohol on appetite in humans. Effects of context and restrained eating

Caffeinated coffee does not acutely affect energy intake, appetite, or inflammation but prevents serum cortisol concentrations from falling in healthy men.

The usually consumed amount of caffeinated coffee does not have short-term effects on appetite, energy intake, glucose metabolism, and inflammatory markers, but it increases circulating cortisol concentrations in healthy men.

Decreased Appetite for Food in Alcoholism

The aim of this chapter is to explore this very specific alcohol effect (i.e. decrease in appetite for carbohydrate) and look at data from a number of studies aimed at assessing the effect of alcohol on cortisol and insulin under variable nutritional conditions.



Failure to Reduce Short-term Appetite Following Alcohol is Independent of Beliefs about the Presence of Alcohol

It is confirmed that energy consumed as alcohol prior to lunch fails to reduce subsequent food intake, but also suggests that changes in rated appetite are influenced by beliefs about alcohol content.

Alcohol and food intake

Alcohol is a complex component of the diet, and appears to have multiple effects on appetite, and failure to reduce food intake in response to energy from alcohol makes moderate alcohol consumption a risk factor for obesity.

Alcohol and the appetizer effect.

It is suggested that alcohol has a complex action on appetite, which includes some form of appetite stimulation, and this may explain the excess energy intake reported previously in moderate alcohol consumers.

The hyperphagic effect of a high-fat diet and alcohol intake persists after control for energy density.

It is demonstrated that a high-fat diet and alcohol favor subsequent overfeeding, which is not due to their higher energy density.

Alcohol and a high-fat diet: a combination favoring overfeeding.

A dietary regimen providing a high fraction of energy as alcohol and fat increases the risk for positive energy balance under free-living conditions and had no inhibitory effect on lipid intake.

The effect of ethanol on fat storage in healthy subjects.

Ethanol, either added to the diet or substituted for other foods, increases 24-hour energy expenditure and decreases lipid oxidation.

The appetizing effect of an apéritif in overweight and normal-weight humans.

Twenty-four-hour energy intake was higher on a day that an apéritif was consumed than after water or no preload, but not with a 1-MJ liquid carbohydrate, fat, or protein appetizer.