Dose-dependent effects of alcohol on appetite and food intake

@article{Caton2004DosedependentEO,
  title={Dose-dependent effects of alcohol on appetite and food intake},
  author={Samantha J. Caton and Mary Catherine Ball and A. Ahern and Marion M. Hetherington},
  journal={Physiology \& Behavior},
  year={2004},
  volume={81},
  pages={51-58}
}

Short term effects of alcohol on appetite in humans. Effects of context and restrained eating

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It is confirmed that energy consumed as alcohol prior to lunch fails to reduce subsequent food intake, but also suggests that changes in rated appetite are influenced by beliefs about alcohol content.

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TLDR
Alcohol is a complex component of the diet, and appears to have multiple effects on appetite, and failure to reduce food intake in response to energy from alcohol makes moderate alcohol consumption a risk factor for obesity.

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TLDR
It is suggested that alcohol has a complex action on appetite, which includes some form of appetite stimulation, and this may explain the excess energy intake reported previously in moderate alcohol consumers.

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TLDR
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TLDR
Twenty-four-hour energy intake was higher on a day that an apéritif was consumed than after water or no preload, but not with a 1-MJ liquid carbohydrate, fat, or protein appetizer.