Doppler waveforms of the ureteric jet: an overview and implications for the presence of a functional sphincter at the vesicoureteric junction

@article{Leung2007DopplerWO,
  title={Doppler waveforms of the ureteric jet: an overview and implications for the presence of a functional sphincter at the vesicoureteric junction},
  author={Vivian Leung and Winnie C. W. Chu and Chung Kwong Yeung and Constantine Metreweli},
  journal={Pediatric Radiology},
  year={2007},
  volume={37},
  pages={417 - 425}
}
This paper is a comprehensive review of the Doppler waveform appearance of ureteric jets. Six jet waveform patterns have been identified: monophasic, biphasic, triphasic, polyphasic, square and continuous. Details of the physical properties of jet patterns and their changes under various physiological conditions are illustrated. The immature monophasic ureteric jet pattern is common in infancy and early childhood up to around 4 years of age. This pattern is also noted to have a high incidence… CONTINUE READING
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