Doppler diastolic transmitral flow patterns in severe heart failure: response to controlled changes in filling pressure using intravenous isosorbide dinitrate.

Abstract

Serial Doppler diastolic transmitral flow patterns were compared with simultaneous hemodynamic measurements in a homogeneous group of patients with severe (New York Heart Association class 4) heart failure who were receiving high dose (508 +/- 271 micrograms/min) intravenous isosorbide dinitrate. The Doppler tracing uniformly showed a severe restrictive pattern, with tall peak early diastolic filling (E) wave (84 +/- 12 cm/s), small late filling (A) wave (28 +/- 8 cm/s) and very high E/A ratio (3.2 +/- 0.8). Isosorbide dinitrate decreased wedge pressure and systemic vascular resistance by a third and increased cardiac index by more than 40%. Transmitral Doppler E/A ratio changed directly in relation to the changes in pulmonary capillary wedge (r = 0.85, p = 0.03) and right atrial pressure (r = 0.84, p = 0.03), indicating preload dependence of transmitral flow velocity, even in severe heart failure.

Cite this paper

@article{Makhoul1994DopplerDT, title={Doppler diastolic transmitral flow patterns in severe heart failure: response to controlled changes in filling pressure using intravenous isosorbide dinitrate.}, author={Nicola M Makhoul and Jamal Hasanein and Tamir Dagan and David A. Halon and Basil S. Lewis}, journal={Cardiology}, year={1994}, volume={85 3-4}, pages={235-43} }