Doping in Two Elite Athletics Competitions Assessed by Randomized-Response Surveys.

  title={Doping in Two Elite Athletics Competitions Assessed by Randomized-Response Surveys.},
  author={Rolf Ulrich and Harrison Graham Pope and L{\'e}a Cl{\'e}ret and Andrea Petr{\'o}czi and Tam{\'a}s Nepusz and Jay Schaffer and Gen Kanayama and Richard Comstock and Perikles Simon},
  journal={Sports medicine},
  volume={48 1},
BACKGROUND Doping in sports compromises fair play and endangers health. To deter doping among elite athletes, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) oversees testing of several hundred thousand athletic blood and urine samples annually, of which 1-2% test positive. Measures using the Athlete Biological Passport suggest a higher mean prevalence of about 14% positive tests. Biological testing, however, likely fails to detect many cutting-edge doping techniques, and thus the true prevalence of doping… CONTINUE READING

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