Doping a Mott insulator: Physics of high-temperature superconductivity

@article{Lee2004DopingAM,
  title={Doping a Mott insulator: Physics of high-temperature superconductivity},
  author={Patrick A. Lee and Naoto Nagaosa and Xiao-Gang Wen},
  journal={Reviews of Modern Physics},
  year={2004},
  volume={78},
  pages={17-85}
}
This article reviews the physics of high-temperature superconductors from the point of view of the doping of a Mott insulator. The basic electronic structure of cuprates is reviewed, emphasizing the physics of strong correlation and establishing the model of a doped Mott insulator as a starting point. A variety of experiments are discussed, focusing on the region of the phase diagram close to the Mott insulator (the underdoped region) where the behavior is most anomalous. The normal state in… 
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