Dopa decarboxylase: a model gene-enzyme system for studying development, behavior, and systematics.

@article{Hodgetts2006DopaDA,
  title={Dopa decarboxylase: a model gene-enzyme system for studying development, behavior, and systematics.},
  author={Ross B. Hodgetts and Sandra O'keefe},
  journal={Annual review of entomology},
  year={2006},
  volume={51},
  pages={259-84}
}
Throughout its long evolutionary history, the Dopa decarboxylase gene (Ddc) has acquired a variety of functions in insects. The enzyme (DDC) catalyzes the production of the neural transmitters dopamine and serotonin. Not surprisingly, evidence of the enzyme's involvement in the behavior of insects is beginning to accumulate. In addition, DDC plays a role in wound healing, parasite defense, pigmentation, and cuticle hardening. A high degree of sequence conservation has allowed comparisons of the… CONTINUE READING
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