Domoic acid exposure in pygmy and dwarf sperm whales (Kogia spp.) from southeastern and mid-Atlantic U.S. waters §

@article{Fire2009DomoicAE,
  title={Domoic acid exposure in pygmy and dwarf sperm whales (Kogia spp.) from southeastern and mid-Atlantic U.S. waters §},
  author={Spencer E Fire and Zhihong Wang and T. Leighfield and S. Morton and W. McFee and W. McLellan and R. Litaker and P. Tester and A. Hohn and G. Lovewell and C. Harms and D. Rotstein and S. Barco and A. Costidis and B. Sheppard and G. Bossart and M. Stolen and W. N. Durden and F. V. Dolah},
  journal={Harmful Algae},
  year={2009},
  volume={8},
  pages={658-664}
}
The neurotoxin domoic acid (DA) was detected in urine and fecal samples recovered from pygmy sperm whales (Kogia breviceps) and dwarf sperm whales (Kogia sima) stranding along the U.S. Atlantic coast from 1997 to 2008. Of the 41 animals analyzed from Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida, 24 (59%) tested positive for DA at concentrations of 0.4–1.8 ng/mL in urine and 12–13,566 ng/g in feces as determined by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Feces appeared… Expand

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