Dominant-language replacement: The case of international adoptees*

  title={Dominant-language replacement: The case of international adoptees*},
  author={Kenneth Hyltenstam and Emanuel Bylund and Niclas Abrahamsson and Hyeon Sook Park},
  journal={Bilingualism: Language and Cognition},
  pages={121 - 140}
This article challenges a recent proposal for the theoretical interpretation of L1 and L2 interaction that results from the abrupt change of language environment in internationally adopted children. According to this proposal (Pallier, Dehaene, Poline, LeBihan, Argenti, Depoux and Mehler, 2003; Ventureyra, Pallier and Yoo, 2004), such children experience a total loss of their L1, while, as adults, they exhibit a nativelike ultimate attainment of their L2. These authors suggest that what they… 

The irreversibility of sensitive period effects in language development: evidence from second language acquisition in international adoptees.

It is demonstrated that L1 loss is not a crucial condition for successfully acquiring an L2, which in turn is taken as support for a maturational constraints view on L2 acquisition.

The impact of age and exposure on forgetting and retention of the birth language in international adoptees: a perspective from Holocaust survivors

This paper addresses the long-term effects of being exposed to a language early in life for a limited period of time, as is the case in international adoptees. Recent findings are divided as to

The theoretical significance of research on language attrition for understanding bilingualism

The most important and most controversial issue for bilingualism research is the question why children are better at language learning than adults: while all normally developing children reach fully

Effects of age of L2 acquisition on L1 event conceptualization patterns*

This study explores the effects that the age of onset (AO) of second language (L2) acquisition exerts on the attrition of first language (L1) event conceptualization patterns. The subjects studied

Perceived foreign accent in first language attrition and second language acquisition: The impact of age of acquisition and bilingualism

ABSTRACT This study investigates constraints on ultimate attainment in second language (L2) pronunciation in a direct comparison of perceived foreign accent of 40 late L2 learners and 40 late first

The Effects of Age of Onset on VOT in L 2 Acquisition and L 1 Attrition

This thesis explores the role of age in second language (L2) acquisition and first language (L1) attrition. The focus is on Voice Onset Time (VOT) in the production and categorical perception of

Input and Age‐Dependent Variation in Second Language Learning: A Connectionist Account

This work demonstrates that an L1 model of learning and processing can be adapted to provide an explicit account of how the input and the sensitive period interact in L2 learning.

English Attrition in Korean-English Bilingual Children

Despite extensive work on language acquisition, childhood language attrition has remained largely unstudied, perhaps because losing a language is perceived to present fewer intellectual challenges

The Linguistics of Language Revitalization: Problems of Acquisition and Attrition

With hundreds of the world’s languages now in danger, the need for effective methods of language revitalization has never been greater. Yet most efforts fall short of their objective. The central

First Language Attrition as a Function of Age at Onset of Bilingualism: First Language Attainment of Turkish-English Bilinguals in the United Kingdom

This investigation aimed to provide insights into the controversial debate on the role that age at onset of bilingualism plays in human language capacity with a focus on what it entails for first



Progression & regression in language: Sociolinguistic factors in loss and acquisition of phonology

First language loss or language attrition can refer to the diminishing competence in a language, varying in degree from complete loss, such as language death (Dressier, 1972), to loss of proficiency

Effects of age of L2 acquisition on L1 event conceptualization patterns*

This study explores the effects that the age of onset (AO) of second language (L2) acquisition exerts on the attrition of first language (L1) event conceptualization patterns. The subjects studied

Amount of native-language (L1) use affects the pronunciation of an L2

Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine if variation in amount of native language (L1) use influences second language (L2) production accuracy. Native English-speaking listeners

Introduction: Ultimate attainment and the critical period hypothesis for second language acquisition

Abstract 1. Preliminaries For several decades the topic of age effects on ultimate attainment has been high on the agenda of many second language acquisition researchers. A first major evaluation of

Second language acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis.

This chapter discusses the role of age, language size, and Cognitive Factors in Age Differences for Second Language Acquisition in the development of second language acquisition in young people.

Effects of Age on VOT: Categorical Perception of Swedish Stops by Near-native L2 Speakers

This study is concerned with effects of age of onset of L2 acquisition on categorical perception of the voicing contrast in Swedish word initial stops. 41 L1 Spanish early and late learners of L2

In search of yesterday's words: reactivating a long-forgotten language

This article addresses the fate of languages acquired during childhood which have not been used in a long time: are they simply lost, overridden by other languages acquired later, or are they