Dominant Party Rule, Elections, and Cabinet Instability in African Autocracies

  title={Dominant Party Rule, Elections, and Cabinet Instability in African Autocracies},
  author={Alex M. Kroeger},
  journal={British Journal of Political Science},
  pages={79 - 101}
  • Alex M. Kroeger
  • Published 9 March 2018
  • Political Science
  • British Journal of Political Science
This article draws on the authoritarian institutions literature to explain the role of dominant parties in constraining the ability of autocrats to reshuffle cabinet ministers. Dominant party leaders are constrained in their ability to frequently reshuffle ministers by the need to maintain credible power-sharing commitments with party elites. These constraints also produce distinct temporal patterns of instability where large reshuffles occur following elections. Conversely, personalist leaders… 
Pathways to Power in Authoritarian Regimes: Civil Service, Multipartyism and Legislative Selection in Cameroon
Legislatures are key institutions that stabilize authoritarian rule. However, less is said about the individuals who populate these institutions or the pathways that take them to power. This is an
In the Shadows of Great Men: Leadership Turnovers and Power Dynamics in Autocracies
Political leaders differ considerably in the degree to which they consolidate power, but what gives rise to these variations still remains under-theorized. This article studies how informal political
Elite Coalitions and Power Balance across African Regimes: Introducing the African Cabinet and Political Elite Data Project (ACPED)
Abstract This article presents ACPED- the African Cabinet and Political Elite Data project. This project is a disaggregated set of cabinet ministers and positions by country month from 1997 into
Elite Control and Legislative Development
  • K. Opalo
  • Political Science
    Legislative Development in Africa
  • 2019
A claim in this book is that intra-elite politics condition the nature of executive-legislative relations. In particular, that presidents’ strategies of elite control determine the levels of
Colonial Education, Political Elites, and Regional Political Inequality in Africa
Political elites tend to favor their home region when distributing resources. But what explains how political power is distributed across a country’s regions to begin with? Explanations of cabinet
Colonial Origins of Parliaments in Kenya and Zambia
  • K. Opalo
  • Political Science
    Legislative Development in Africa
  • 2019
To explore the mechanisms behind the observed variation in legislative institutionalization and strength in Africa, this chapter provides a comparative historical study of legislative development in
“The President's Prerogative”? The Cabinet Appointment Process in Ghana and the Implications for Gender Parity
This article seeks to understand why Ghana, unlike several other African countries, has seen relatively few women appointed as ministers to the cabinet since the transition to democracy. We draw on
Regime Threats and State Solutions
The administrative state is a powerful tool because it can control the population and, in moments of crisis, help leaders put down popular threats to their rule. But a state does not act; bureaucrats
Cabinet size and governance in Sub‐Saharan Africa
There is frequent public and media concern over the cost of bloated cabinets in many Sub-Saharan African countries. Scholarship on elite clientelism links cabinet positions with corruption and
Who Governs? A New Global Dataset on Members of Cabinets
Who governs? This is one of the most fundamental questions in political science. Despite its importance, there is currently no global dataset on governing elites over a long period. This article


Replacing Cabinet Ministers: Patterns of Ministerial Stability in Parliamentary Democracies
We examine the stability of individual ministers across parliamentary democracies. Our data show that this stability is only loosely related to the stability of cabinets, making it impossible to rely
The Durability of Presidential and Parliament-Based Dictatorships
Many scholars have examined the durability of parliamentary versus presidential regimes in democracies, but the process by which authoritarian leaders are (nominally) elected is generally assumed to
The Foundations of Limited Authoritarian Government: Institutions, Commitment, and Power-Sharing in Dictatorships
Why do some dictatorships establish institutions that may constrain their leaders? We argue that institutions promote the survival of dictatorships by facilitating authoritarian power-sharing.
The Foundations of Limited Authoritarian Government: Institutions and Power-Sharing in Dictatorships
Why do some dictatorships establish institutions that may constrain their leaders? We argue that institutions promote the survival of dictatorships by facilitating authoritarian power-sharing.
Ethnic Politics and Women's Empowerment in Africa: Ministerial Appointments to Executive Cabinets
Under what conditions do women participate in executive power in multiethnic societies? Previous research has examined how political institutions, socioeconomic factors, and cultural norms affect the
Patronage and Political Stability in Africa
Political conflict across Africa is often linked to the pervasive use of patronage in retaining control of the state. However, few sources of data have been available to systematically examine the
The Strategic Shuffle: Ethnic Geography, the Internal Security Apparatus, and Elections in Kenya
For autocrats facing elections, officers in the internal security apparatus play a crucial role by engaging in coercion on behalf of the incumbent. Yet reliance on these officers introduces a
Leader Survival and Cabinet Change
Political leaders face both internal and external threats to their tenure as leaders. To retain office leaders need mass support, for instance to win elections. However, they also need to deal with
Life of the Party: The Origins of Regime Breakdown and Persistence under Single-Party Rule
This article develops a theory of single-party regime consolidation to explain the dramatic variation in longevity among these regimes. The strength of the opposition and rent scarcity during party
All the President's Men? The Appointment of Female Cabinet Ministers Worldwide
Women have traditionally been underrepresented among government ministers, and when included in cabinets have largely been relegated to ‘feminine’ and low-prestige policy areas. Recently, however,