Domestication and uses of the dog in western Europe from the Paleolithic to the Iron Age

@article{HorardHerbin2014DomesticationAU,
  title={Domestication and uses of the dog in western Europe from the Paleolithic to the Iron Age},
  author={M.-P. Horard-Herbin and Anne Tresset and Jean-Denis Vigne},
  journal={Animal Frontiers},
  year={2014},
  volume={4},
  pages={23-31}
}
This paper reviews the knowledge of the history of the dog in western Europe acquired through archaeozoology. The first part examines the question of domestication of the wolf during the Upper Paleolithic, by highlighting the sometimes contradictory archeological and genetic findings. It also briefly lays out the different controversies regarding the site or sites of domestication of the dog in the world and the presumed dates of this major phenomenon in human history. The second part deals... 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Animal symbolisé, animal exploité : du Paléolithique à la Protohistoire

The paper explores the ritual use of dogs and wolfs in south-eastern Alpine region (Slovenia) in Late Bronze and Iron Age from different archaeological contexts: graves, settlements and hoards.

Ritual use of dogs and wolves in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age in the South-Eastern Alpine region. New evidence from the archaeo(zoo)logical perspective

The paper explores the ritual use of dogs and wolfs in south-eastern Alpine region (Slovenia) in Late Bronze and Iron Age from different archaeological contexts: graves, settlements and hoards.

Friend or foe? Large canid remains from Pavlovian sites and their archaeozoological context

Different Human–Dog Interactions in Early Agricultural Societies of China, Revealed by Coprolite

Dogs served in a variety of capacities in prehistory. After their domestication in Paleolithic hunter-gatherer societies, the emergence of agriculture shifted their partnerships with people. However,

Dogs and foxes in Early-Middle Bronze Age funerary structures in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula: human control of canid diet at the sites of Can Roqueta (Barcelona) and Minferri (Lleida)

TLDR
This work has made an approximation of the relationship between humans and canids through the study of their diet by analysis of stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen in bone collagen, complemented by archaeozoological, anthropological and archaeobotanical studies.

Ancient European dog genomes reveal continuity since the Early Neolithic

TLDR
Both dogs demonstrate continuity with each other and predominantly share ancestry with modern European dogs, contradicting a previously suggested Late Neolithic population replacement and finding no genetic evidence to support the recent hypothesis proposing dual origins of dog domestication.

Dogs that Ate Plants: Changes in the Canine Diet During the Late Bronze Age and the First Iron Age in the Northeast Iberian Peninsula

We studied 36 dogs ( Canis familiaris ) from the Can Roqueta site in the Catalan pre-littoral depression (Barcelona), dated between the Late Bronze Age and the First Iron Age (1300 and 550 cal BC).

Unexpected morphological diversity in ancient dogs compared to modern relatives

TLDR
It is demonstrated that an important morphological variability already existed before the Bronze Age in Europe, yet the largest, smallest, most brachycephalic or dolichocephalic extant dogs have no equivalent in the archaeological sample, resulting in a lower variation compared to modern relatives.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 155 REFERENCES

A ‘new’ palaeolithic dog from central Europe

TLDR
It is argued that the maxilla fragment must now be considered the earliest indisputable directly dated evidence of a domestic dog.

Early Domesticated Dogs of the Near East

TLDR
Measurements of carnassial teeth and of the facial region of the cranium and mandible reveal that wolf/dog remains from the Natufian and later cultures of Israel exhibit a morphological pattern that is the opposite of that expected under natural selection, but that conforms well to that expected in early domestication.

Study of the medieval dogs from novgorod, Russia (X–XIV century)

The aim of this study was to investigate the diversity of dogs in medieval Novgorod. Based on the unique osteological collection of canine bones from layers of 10th to 14th centuries AD, research

A 33,000-Year-Old Incipient Dog from the Altai Mountains of Siberia: Evidence of the Earliest Domestication Disrupted by the Last Glacial Maximum

TLDR
The Razboinichya Cave specimen appears to be an incipient dog that did not give rise to late Glacial – early Holocene lineages and probably represents wolf domestication disrupted by the climatic and cultural changes associated with the LGM.

Creating Communities: New advances in Central European Neolithic Research

The aim of this book is to raise questions about the investigation of identity, community and change in prehistory, and to challenge the current state of debate in Central European Neolithic

The Earliest Ice Age Dogs: Evidence from Eliseevichi 11

Although some scientists have suggested that the first transformation from wolf to dog may have taken place more than 100,000 years ago (Vila et al. 1997), most archaeologists and palaeontologists

Rethinking dog domestication by integrating genetics, archeology, and biogeography

TLDR
The results demonstrate that the unifying characteristic among all genetically distinct so-called ancient breeds is a lack of recent admixture with other breeds likely facilitated by geographic and cultural isolation, suggesting that studies of modern breeds have yet to shed light on dog origins.
...