Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Flawed Data, Flawed Conclusions

  title={Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Flawed Data, Flawed Conclusions},
  author={Lori Marino and Scott O. Lilienfeld},
Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: More Flawed Data and More Flawed Conclusions
ABSTRACT Dolphin-Assisted Therapy (DAT) is an increasingly popular choice of treatment for illness and developmental disabilities by providing participants with the opportunity to swim or interactExpand
Dolphin-Assisted Therapy for Children With Special Needs: A Pilot Study
Dolphin-assisted therapy (DAT), as a part of animal-assisted therapy and complementary and alternative medicine, yields several positive results. This study intended to add to DAT effectivenessExpand
Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Claims versus Evidence
The history of, theory behind, and variations of dolphin-assisted therapy along with a review and critique of studies published which purportedly support its use are informed. Expand
Dolphin Assisted Therapy: can swimming with dolphins be a suitable treatment?
DAT can involve dolphins both in captivity and in the wild and includes interactions at the poolside, where a swim is offered as a reward for the completion of a set task; simply swimming with the dolphins either in their tanks or in a sea pen; dorsal fin rides; more structured interactions with dolphins while in the water; or even activities where the participant is made to feel that they are ‘looking after’ the captive dolphin, through feeding or other activities. Expand
have sections on their website about dolphin therapy or swimming with dolphins. Scope state that ‘‘dolphin therapy does not claim to cure any specific condition but it may help alleviate someExpand
Can dolphins heal by ultrasound?
It is shown that ultrasound emitted by dolphins could have an effect on biological tissue under some circumstances; such as sufficient intensity, repeated application over several days or weeks and a certain application duration per session. Expand
Healing and Caring in Dolphin-Assisted Therapy: Criticisms of Effectiveness and Ethical Issues
Abstract Since the 1970s, new therapeutic practices, involving the interaction between humans and dolphins - Tursiops truncatus in particular, have developed. Such practices are known asExpand
Healing dolphins? Cognitive and perceptual criticisms in Dolphin-Assisted Therapy
Since the '70s new therapeutic practices have been developed, involving the interaction between humans and dolphins - Tursiops truncatus in particular. Such practices are known as Dolphin-AssistedExpand
Effectiveness of Dolphin-Assisted Therapy as a Behavioral Intervention for Young Children with Disabilities
This research synthesis focuses on the effectiveness of dolphin-assisted therapy as a behavioral intervention for young children with disabilities. The practice constituting the focus of thisExpand
The Effect of Dolphin-Assisted Therapy on the Cognitive and Social Development of Children with Down Syndrome
ABSTRACT Cognitive and speech development are delayed in children with Down syndrome (DS). We investigated the effect of dolphin-assisted therapy (DAT), a form of animal-assisted intervention, on theExpand


Long-Term Effectiveness of Dolphin-Assisted Therapy for Children with Severe Disabilities
Children with severe disabilities of many etiologies, from eight countries, received either one or two weeks of therapy in the multidisciplinary, behavior modification program, and maintained or improved skills acquired in therapy about 50% of the time even after 12 months away from therapy. Expand
Effectiveness of Short-Term Dolphin-Assisted Therapy for Children with Severe Disabilities
Use of t tests for nonindependent samples indicates that relative to conventional long-term therapy, dolphin-assisted therapy, as practiced by Dolphin Human Therapy, achieves positive results more quickly and is also more cost effective. Expand
Reducing fears and increasing assertiveness: The role of dissonance reduction
Abstract In the research paradigm known as effort justification, people engage in an effortful activity in order to attain a goal. As a result, the goal becomes more attractive. Two experiments wereExpand
A Comparison Of ADD/H Children and Clinical Controls on the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K-ABC)
Thirty-eight consecutive referrals to an outpatient pediatric diagnostic clinic for children with deficiencies in academic performance were classified as either (a) having Attention Deficit DisorderExpand
Cognitive Improvement of Children in Water With and Without Dolphins
AbstractOrienting nonverbal responses and verbal responses of eight children with mental disabilities interacting in water with dolphins and in water with favorite toys away from dolphins wereExpand
The WISC-III Freedom from Distractibility Factor: Its Utility in Identifying Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
Factor analytic studies of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children—Revised (WISC–R; Wechsler, 1974) have consistently identified what is commonly known as the Freedom From Distractibility (FFD)Expand
Relation of Implicit Theories to the Construction of Personal Histories
It is hypothesized that people possess implicit theories regarding the inherent consistency of their attributes, as well as a set of principles concerning the conditions that are likely to promoteExpand
The reality of repressed memories.
  • E. Loftus
  • Medicine
  • The American psychologist
  • 1993
There has been a rise in reported memories of childhood sexual abuse that were allegedly repressed for many years, and people with recently unearthed memories are suing alleged perpetrators for events that happened 20, 30, even 40 or more years earlier. Expand
Toward a Clearer Definition of the Attentional Deficit of Hyperactive Children
Over the past several years, acceptance of the central importance of an attentional deficit in hyperactive children has been emerging in the clinical, educational, and research literature. When weExpand
Interpersonal Expectancy Effects: A 30-Year Perspective:
In the mid 1950s, the results of my doctoral dissertation were nearly ruined; it appeared that I might have treated my experimental subjects in such a way as to lead them to respond in accordanceExpand