Doing Violence, Making Race: Southern Lynching and White Racial Group Formation1

  title={Doing Violence, Making Race: Southern Lynching and White Racial Group Formation1},
  author={Mattias Sm{\aa}ngs},
  journal={American Journal of Sociology},
  pages={1329 - 1374}
  • Mattias Smångs
  • Published 2016
  • Geography, Medicine, Sociology
  • American Journal of Sociology
This article presents a theoretical framework of how intergroup violence may figure into the activation and maintenance of group categories, boundaries, and identities, as well as the mediating role played by organizations in such processes. The framework’s analytical advantages are demonstrated in an application to southern lynchings. Findings from event- and community-level analyses suggest that “public” lynchings, carried out by larger mobs with ceremonial violence, but not “private” ones… Expand
Interracial status competition and southern lynching, 1882–1930
ABSTRACT This article provides theoretical grounds and empirical evidence that different types of lynching in the post-Reconstruction South were driven by social processes at different levels ofExpand
A Brief Moment in the Sun: The Racialized (Re)Construction of Punishment in the American South
Why did policing and incarceration emerge as an institution in the South in light of its otherwise “hollow state?” I explore this question in context of the 19th and early 20th century U.S. South–aExpand
Colour violence, deadly geographies, and the meanings of “race” in Brazil
ABSTRACT This paper analyses the relationships between “race” and violent victimization, and between “race” and support for violent practices of social control in Brazil, using nationallyExpand
The Course of Law: State Intervention in Southern Lynch Mob Violence 1882–1930
Collective violence when framed by its perpetrators as 'citizen' justice is inherently a challenge to state legitimacy. To properly account for such violence, it is necessary to consider anExpand
The Persistence of Historical Racial Violence and Political Suppression: Implications for Contemporary Regional Inequality
We provide evidence on the link between lynchings and a range of political and economic outcomes for Black Americans. We show that lynchings are related to racial and political motives among whitesExpand
The Trifecta of Violence: A Socio-Historical Comparison of Lynching and Violence Against Transgender Women
This article explores violence against transgender women—from the state control of trans bodies through laws and policies to an apparent increase in transphobic murders in the United States (US).Expand
Legally Armed but Presumed Dangerous: An Intersectional Analysis of Gun Carry Licensing as a Racial/Gender Degradation Ceremony
This article analyzes gun carry licensing as a disciplinary mechanism that places African American men in a liminal zone where they are legally armed but presumed dangerous, even as African AmericansExpand
“Racialized Terrorism” in the American South: Do Completed Lynchings Tell an Accurate Story?
Past empirical research into the history of racially motivated mob violence in the American South has relied almost exclusively on the record of completed lynchings. In this article, we propose thatExpand
Racial Segregation and Southern Lynching
The literature on ethnic fractionalization and conflict has not been extended to the American past. In particular, the empirical relationship between racial residential segregation and lynching isExpand
Racial Segregation and Southern Lynching
The literature on ethnic fractionalization and conflict has yet to be extended to the American past. In particular, the empirical relationship between racial residential segregation and lynching isExpand


Lynching and Spectacle: Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890–1940 (review)
this transition. Such emerging distinctions and inequalities became sharply evident in the Bisbee Deportation and its aftermath. The segregation of schools and the uneven distribution of New DealExpand
Practicing What They Preach? Lynching and Religion in the American South, 1890–19291
Evidence for the solidarity thesis is found that counties with greater religious diversity experienced more lynching, supporting the notion that a pluralistic religious marketplace with competing religious denominations weakened the bonds of a cohesive moral community and might have enhanced white racial solidarity. Expand
Ethnic and Nationalist Violence
Work on ethnic and nationalist violence has emerged from two largely nonintersecting literatures: studies of ethnic conflict and studies of political violence. Only recently have the former begun toExpand
The "Black Beast Rapist": White Racial Attitudes in the Postwar South@@@The Crucible of Race: Black-White Relations in the American South since Emancipation.
This wide-ranging study examines the changing perceptions of blacks held by Southern whites and the consequences that those shifts had on the region's race relations. Joel Williamson, a nativeExpand
The Determinants of the Number of White Supremacist Groups: A Pooled Time-Series Analysis
What social and political conditions help explain the number of white supremacist groups? This study uses pooled time-series cross-sectional methods to assess the explanatory power of three racialExpand
The Dynamics of Ethnic Competition and Conflict
This study of ethnic violence in the United States from 1877 to 1914 reveals that not all ethnic groups were equally likely to be victims of violence; the author seeks the reasons for this historicalExpand
Racial Boundary Formation at the Dawn of Jim Crow: The Determinants and Effects of Black/Mulatto Occupational Differences in the United States, 18801
  • A. Gullickson
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • American Journal of Sociology
  • 2010
Variation in the social position of mixed‐race populations is examined by exploiting county‐level variation in the degree of occupational differentiation between blacks and mulattoes in the 1880 U.S. census to find black/mulatto occupational differentiation was greatest where whites had high occupational prestige and thus little to fear from a mulatto group. Expand
Whiteness of a Different Color: European Immigrants and the Alchemy of Race
MC 281 is the second in the required sophomore sequence for Social Relations and Policy. In this course, we will explore the interactions and experiences between and among various groups in AmericanExpand
Boundary Processes: Recent Theoretical Developments and New Contributions
This paper takes stock of the most recent scholarship on symbolic boundaries and how these interact with social boundaries — more durable and institutionalized social differences. Our primary goal isExpand
Before Jim Crow: The Politics of Race in Postemancipation Virginia
Long before the Montgomery bus boycott ushered in the modern civil rights movement, black and white southerners struggled to forge interracial democracy in America. This innovative book examines theExpand