Dog bite injuries to the face: Is there risk with breed ownership? A systematic review with meta-analysis.

@article{Essig2019DogBI,
  title={Dog bite injuries to the face: Is there risk with breed ownership? A systematic review with meta-analysis.},
  author={Garth Essig and Cameron C. Sheehan and Shefali R Rikhi and Charles A. Elmaraghy and John Jared Christophel},
  journal={International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology},
  year={2019},
  volume={117},
  pages={
          182-188
        }
}

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References

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Retrospective analysis of facial dog bite injuries at a Level I trauma center in the Denver metro area

BACKGROUND Facial dog bite injuries pose a significant public health problem. METHODS Seventy-five consecutive patients (45 males, 30 females) treated solely by plastic surgery service for facial dog

Dog bite injuries to humans and the use of breed-specific legislation: a comparison of bites from legislated and non-legislated dog breeds

TLDR
The present study results did not observe evidence of any differences between legislated and non-legislated for both the medical treatment to victims required following the bite, and the type of bite inflicted.

Analysis of Dog Bites in Children Who Are Younger Than 17 Years

TLDR
Dog bites in children are frequent and influenced by the breed-related behavior of dogs, dog owners, children, and parents, and prevention strategies should focus on public education and training of dogs and their owners.

Analysis of Pediatric Facial Dog Bites

TLDR
Children 5 years old and younger are at high risk for being bitten in the face by a familiar dog and are more likely to require hospitalization than older children and certain dog breeds are morelikely to bite, and there is often a history of provocation.

Dog bites of the face, head and neck in children.

TLDR
A retrospective review of children treated for facial, head and neck dog bite wounds at a level 1 trauma center found most injuries were soft tissue related, however more severe bites and injuries were observed in attacks from the pit-bull and Rottweiler breeds.

Facial fractures from dog bite injuries.

TLDR
Although facial fractures are not commonly considered to be associated with dog bite injuries, the index of suspicion for a fracture should be raised when the injury occurs in a child, particularly when injury occurs near the orbit, nose, and cheek.

Dog Bite-Related Fatalities: A 15-Year Review of Kentucky Medical Examiner Cases

TLDR
Of the 11 deaths, 10 consisted of multiple bite marks and blunt force injuries of the head and neck, trunk, and extremities, and 1 case, an asplenic victim's immediate cause of death was bacterial sepsis secondary to a dog bite.

Dogs that bite.

TLDR
Most victims are bitten by male dogs which they either own or have had frequent contact with, and the bite occurs in the dog's home.
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