Does the missing mass problem signal the breakdown of Newtonian gravity

@article{Bekenstein1984DoesTM,
title={Does the missing mass problem signal the breakdown of Newtonian gravity},
author={J. Bekenstein and M. Milgrom},
journal={The Astrophysical Journal},
year={1984},
volume={286},
pages={7-14}
}

We consider a nonrelativistic potential theory for gravity which differs from the Newtonian theory. The theory is built on the basic assumptions of the modified dynamics, which were shown earlier to reproduce dynamical properties of galaxies and galaxy aggregates without having to assume the existence of hidden mass. The theory involves a modification of the Poisson equation and can be derived from a Lagrangian. The total momentum, angular momentum, and (properly defined) energy of an isolated… Expand