Does the cerebellum contribute to specific aspects of attention?

  title={Does the cerebellum contribute to specific aspects of attention?},
  author={Birgit Gottwald and Zoran Mihajlovic and Barbara Wilde and H. Maximilian Mehdorn},
Evidence for distinct cognitive deficits after focal cerebellar lesions
Objectives: Anatomical evidence and lesion studies, as well as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies, indicate that the cerebellum contributes to higher cognitive functions. Cerebellar
The attentive cerebellum — myth or reality?
The concept of attentional dysmetria as a consequence of cerebellar damage is not adequately supported because disturbances have only been observed consistently for tasks involving significant oculomotor, motor, and working memory demands.
The Cognitive Face of Cerebellum; Implications for Extended Research
This review has been an effort to discuss the studies assessing different aspects of cognitive and affective disorders following cerebellar damage, as well as the Cerebellar activity during cognitive tasks using novel approaches including fMRI and PET scans.
Language in the cerebellum.
This review suggests that the cerebellum has considerable influence in language processing and other related higher level affective/cognitive activities.
Executive Function Deficits in Patients after Cerebellar Neurosurgery
The hypothesis of the cerebellum’s mediating role in the regulation of the activity of the superordinate cognitive control network in the brain is supported.
Cerebellar agenesis II: Motor and language functions
In a former study of a patient with cerebellar agenesis (HK) mild motor deficits, problems in delay eyeblink conditioning and mild to moderate deficits in IQ, planning behavior, visuospatial
Subtle cognitive deficits after cerebellar infarcts
The results indicate that cerebellar infarcts may result in subtle cognitive changes perhaps primarily related to working memory deficit, and may be mediated by the contralateral cortical hemisphere.


Impaired non-motor learning and error detection associated with cerebellar damage. A single case study.
Some functions performed by the cerebellum may be generalized beyond a purely motor domain, and a 49-yr-old male with right cerebellar damage with profound deficits is studied.
Cognitive planning deficit in patients with cerebellar atrophy
Neither age, sex, education level, severity of dementia, word fluency, response time, memory, nor visuomotor procedural learning predicted CA or CCA performance, but a deficit in cognitive planning suggests a functional link between the cerebellum, basal ganglia, and the frontal lobe concerning specific cognitive processes.
The cerebellum contributes to higher functions during development: evidence from a series of children surgically treated for posterior fossa tumours.
Data on the intellectual, language and executive functions of 26 children who had undergone surgery for the removal of cerebellar hemisphere or vermal tumours suggest that this role is operative early in childhood.
Spatial Attention Deficits in Patients with Acquired or Developmental Cerebellar Abnormality
Evidence of slowed covert orienting of visuospatial attention is presented in patients with developmental cerebellar abnormality, patients with autism, and in Patients with Cerebellar damage acquired from tumor or stroke to show that damage to the cerebellum disrupts both the spatial encoding of a location for an attentional shift and the subsequent gaze shift.
Comparison of the Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum in Shifting Attention.
Dissociation suggests that attentional deficits reported previously as being due to cerebellar dysfunction may be, at least in part, secondary to problem related to coordinating successive responses, in contrast to attention-shifting deficits associated with basal ganglia impairment, which cannot be explained by recourse to the motor demands of the task.
Preserved performance by cerebellar patients on tests of word generation, discrimination learning, and attention.
The experiments failed to provide support for current hypotheses regarding the role of the cerebellum in verbal learning or attention, and instead showed similar costs and benefits in both cueing conditions and at all SOAs.
Cerebellum in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
A cerebello-thalamo-prefrontal circuit dysfunction may subserve the motor control, inhibition, and executive function deficits encountered in ADHD.
The cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome.
A constellation of deficits is suggestive of disruption of the Cerebellar modulation of neural circuits that link prefrontal, posterior parietal, superior temporal and limbic cortices with the cerebellum, called the 'cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome'.
Attentional Activation of the Cerebellum Independent of Motor Involvement
Findings support a broader concept of cerebellar function, in which the cerebellum is involved in diverse cognitive and noncognitive neurobehavioral systems, including the attention and motor systems, in order to anticipate imminent information acquisition, analysis, or action.
Phonological grouping is specifically affected in cerebellar patients: a verbal fluency study.
Cerebellar damage impairs verbal fluency by specifically affecting phonemic rule performances while sparing semantic rule ones, underline the importance of the cerebellar computing properties in strategy development in the linguistic domain.