Does the U.S. Constitution Need an Equal Rights Amendment?

  title={Does the U.S. Constitution Need an Equal Rights Amendment?},
  author={Lisa Baldez and Lee R. Epstein and Andrew D. Martin},
  journal={The Journal of Legal Studies},
  pages={243 - 283}
For over 3 decades, those engaged in the battle over the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), along with many scholarly commentators, have argued that ratification of the amendment will lead U.S. courts (1) to elevate the standard of law they now use to adjudicate claims of sex discrimination, which, in turn, could lead them (2) to find in favor of parties claiming a denial of their rights. We investigate both possibilities via an examination of constitutional sex discrimination litigation in the 50… 

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