Does the Minimum Legal Drinking Age Save Lives?

@article{Miron2007DoesTM,
  title={Does the Minimum Legal Drinking Age Save Lives?},
  author={Jeffrey A. Miron and Elina Tetelbaum},
  journal={Econometrics: Single Equation Models eJournal},
  year={2007}
}
The minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) is widely believed to save lives by reducing traffic fatalities among underage drivers. Further, the Federal Uniform Drinking Age Act, which pressured all states to adopt an MLDA of 21, is regarded as having contributed enormously to this life-saving effect. This article challenges both claims. State-level panel data for the past 30 yr show that any nationwide impact of the MLDA is driven by states that increased their MLDA prior to any inducement from the… 
The minimum legal drinking age and public health.
TLDR
A large and compelling body of empirical evidence is summarized which shows that one of the central claims of the signatories of the Amethyst Initiative is incorrect: setting the minimum legal drinking age at 21 clearly reduces alcohol consumption and its major harms.
State panel estimates of the effects of the minimum legal drinking age on alcohol consumption for 1950 to 2002.
TLDR
Evaluated effects of both raising and lowering the minimum legal drinking age on per capita ethanol consumption in longer and more accurate time series panel than any previous study show that an increase in the MLDA by 3 years was associated with decreases in per capita total EtOH consumption.
Minimum Legal Drinking Age in the U.S.: A Reasonable Exception to Age of Majority?
The MA thesis “Minimum Legal Drinking Age in the U.S.: A Reasonable Exception to Age of Majority?” examines the U.S. legal limit for consumption of alcohol from the perspective of policies aimed at
Will increasing alcohol availability by lowering the minimum legal drinking age decrease drinking and related consequences among youths?
TLDR
Evidence supporting the minimum legal drinking age of 21 years is strong and growing and a wide range of empirically supported interventions is available to reduce underage drinking.
Effects of the Minimum Legal Drinking Age on the Blood Alcohol Levels of Victims of Violent Death Ages 18-23 in Maryland
EFFECTS OF THE MINIMUM LEGAL DRINKING AGE ON THE BLOOD ALCOHOL LEVELS OF VICTIMS OF VIOLENT DEATH AGES 18-23 IN MARYLAND Stephanie A. Ainsworth, MA George Mason University, 2010 Thesis Director:
Case closed: research evidence on the positive public health impact of the age 21 minimum legal drinking age in the United States.
TLDR
Recent research on the age 21 MLDA has reinforced the position that the current law has served the nation well by reducing alcohol-related traffic crashes and alcohol consumption among youths, while also protecting drinkers from long-term negative outcomes they might experience in adulthood.
Alcohol Control Policies and Youth Alcohol Consumption: Evidence from 28 Years of Monitoring the Future
Abstract We provide the first historical comparative analysis of the effects of Minimum Legal Drinking Ages (MLDA), beer taxes, and "Zero Tolerance" (ZT) underage drunk driving laws on the drinking
he fatal toll of driving to drink: The effect of minimum legal drinking age vasion on traffic fatalities
There is a sizeable literature on the effect of minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions on teenage drunk driving. This paper adds to the literature by examining the effect of MLDA evasion
The fatal toll of driving to drink: the effect of minimum legal drinking age evasion on traffic fatalities.
TLDR
It is found that in counties within 25 miles of a lower-MLDA jurisdiction, a legal restriction on drinking does not reduce youth involvement in fatal accidents and, for 18 and 19-year-old drivers, fatal accident involvement actually increases.
The Effect of Alcohol Access on Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Evidence From the Minimum Legal Drinking Age
TLDR
The results suggest that the relationship between alcohol and STDs, which is conventionally believed to be causal, is more likely to be driven by unobserved heterogeneity, at least among the college-age population.
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References

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The results of this study argue that increases in state drinking ages do not save lives. Raising the drinking age raises the age of highest traffic fatality rate but does not produce any net savings
Joint impacts of minimum legal drinking age and beer taxes on US youth traffic fatalities, 1975 to 2001.
TLDR
These findings suggest that a community's expected benefit from a proposed limitation on alcohol availability depends on its current regulatory environment, while communities with relatively strong existing policies might expect smaller impacts than suggested by prior research, while places with weak current regulations might expect larger benefits.
Does the minimum drinking age affect traffic fatalities
Since the mid-1970s numerous states have raised their minimum legal drinking age in an effort to reduce alcohol-related traffic accidents. This study examines determinants of a variety of traffic
Alcohol Control Policies and Youth Alcohol Consumption: Evidence from 28 Years of Monitoring the Future
Abstract We provide the first historical comparative analysis of the effects of Minimum Legal Drinking Ages (MLDA), beer taxes, and "Zero Tolerance" (ZT) underage drunk driving laws on the drinking
Enforcement of the Legal Minimum Drinking Age in the United States
We studied patterns and levels of enforcement of the legal drinking age in the United States. Major findings include: (1) rates of enforcement of the legal drinking age are very low; (2) actions
Impact of legislation raising the legal drinking age in Massachusetts from 18 to 20.
TLDR
Frequency of teenage driving after marijuana use and non-fatal teenage accidents declined at comparable rates in both states, and overall fatal accident trends among 16-19 year olds in the two states were similar.
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A note on the effect of minimum drinking age laws on youth alcohol consumption
This study uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to investigate the effect of minimum drinking age laws (MDALs) on youth alcohol consumption. Two considerations motivated the
Effects of minimum drinking age laws: review and analyses of the literature from 1960 to 2000.
TLDR
The preponderance of evidence indicates there is an inverse relationship between the minimum legal drinking age and two outcome measures: alcohol consumption and traffic crashes.
Drunk Driving Legislation and Traffic Fatalities: New Evidence on BAC 08 Laws
This article reexamines the effectiveness of blood alcohol content (BAC) laws in reducing traffic fatalities. Differences‐in‐differences estimators of U.S. state‐level data with standard errors
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