Does switching to an ultra-low nicotine cigarette induce nicotine withdrawal effects?

@article{West1984DoesST,
  title={Does switching to an ultra-low nicotine cigarette induce nicotine withdrawal effects?},
  author={Robert B. West and Michael A. H. Russell and Martin J. Jarvis and Colin Feyerabend},
  journal={Psychopharmacology},
  year={1984},
  volume={84},
  pages={120-123}
}
Twenty-six smokers took part in a study which examined subjective and physiological effects of switching to an ultra-low yielding cigarette (0.1 mg nicotine) for 10 days. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group continued smoking their usual brand while the other group switched to the low yielding cigarette. Subjective ratings and physiological measures were taken at baseline, then after 1, 3 and 10 days in the respective conditions. Plasma nicotine concentrations dropped… CONTINUE READING