Does regular walnut consumption lead to weight gain?

@article{Sabat2005DoesRW,
  title={Does regular walnut consumption lead to weight gain?},
  author={Joan Sabat{\'e} and Zaida Cordero-MacIntyre and Gina Siapco and S Torabian and Ella H. Haddad},
  journal={British Journal of Nutrition},
  year={2005},
  volume={94},
  pages={859 - 864}
}
Studies consistently show the beneficial effects of eating nuts, but as high-energy foods, their regular consumption may lead to weight gain. We tested if daily consumption of walnuts (approximately 12% energy intake) for 6 months would modify body weight and body composition in free-living subjects. Ninety participants in a 12-month randomized cross-over trial were instructed to eat an allotted amount of walnuts (28–56g) during the walnut-supplemented diet and not to eat them during the… Expand
Nutrient displacement associated with walnut supplementation in men.
TLDR
Walnuts were substituted, in part, for other foods, and the nutrient profile of the diet was improved, however, the beneficial effect of walnuts on the diet quality was not optimized. Expand
Long-term walnut supplementation without dietary advice induces favorable serum lipid changes in free-living individuals
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Including walnuts as part of a habitual diet favorably altered the plasma lipid profile, and the lipid-lowering effects of walnuts were more evident among subjects with higher lipid baseline values, precisely those people with greater need of reducing plasma total and LDL-C. Expand
Favourable nutrient intake and displacement with long-term walnut supplementation among elderly: results of a randomised trial
TLDR
Adding a daily supplement of walnuts to an ad libitum diet of older adults can induce favourable modifications to the nutrient profile in a way that addresses declining nutrient intake associated with aging. Expand
Almond Consumption and Dietary Compensation in Overweight and Obese Adults
TLDR
This study was unable to prove or disprove the effectiveness of almonds to induce dietary compensation in healthy overweight individuals because of a lack of effect for time or interaction for satiety data. Expand
Nuts Improve Diet Quality Compared to Other Energy-Dense Snacks While Maintaining Body Weight
TLDR
Nuts can be incorporated into the diet without adversely affecting body weight and can improve diet quality, except for dietary quality, which improved significantly in the nut group. Expand
Effects of Long-Term Walnut Supplementation on Body Weight in Free-Living Elderly: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
The findings indicate that walnuts can be incorporated into the daily diet of healthy elders without concern for adverse effects on body weight or body composition. Expand
Impact of providing walnut samples in a lifestyle intervention for weight loss: a secondary analysis of the HealthTrack trial
TLDR
It is found that including 30 grams walnuts/day in an individualized diet produced weight loss and positive changes in food choice and the IW group achieved the greatest weight loss at three months and remained greatest in IW at 12 months. Expand
Walnut Consumption Increases Satiation but Has No Effect on Insulin Resistance or the Metabolic Profile Over a 4‐day Period
TLDR
Walnut consumption over 4 days increased satiety by day 3, and long‐term studies are needed to confirm the physiologic role of walnuts, the duration of time needed for these effects to occur, and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Expand
1 Effects of Long-term Walnut Supplementation on 2 Body Weight in Free-living Elderly : Results of a 3 Randomized Controlled Trial 4
Objective: To assess the effects of chronic walnut consumption on body weight and 19 adiposity in elderly individuals. Methods: The Walnuts And Healthy Aging study is a dual-center 20 (Barcelona,Expand
Energy compensation and nutrient displacement following regular consumption of hazelnuts and other energy-dense snack foods in non-obese individuals
TLDR
It is demonstrated that energy compensation occurs for all three intervention snacks in this non-obese population and regular nut consumption significantly improves nutrient profiles compared to other snacks with changes occurring at the snack level. Expand
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