Does reflection lead to wise choices?

@article{Bortolotti2011DoesRL,
  title={Does reflection lead to wise choices?},
  author={Lisa Bortolotti},
  journal={Philosophical Explorations},
  year={2011},
  volume={14},
  pages={297 - 313}
}
  • L. Bortolotti
  • Published 26 August 2011
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Philosophical Explorations
Does conscious reflection lead to good decision-making? Whereas engaging in reflection is traditionally thought to be the best way to make wise choices, recent psychological evidence undermines the role of reflection in lay and expert judgement. The literature suggests that thinking about reasons does not improve the choices people make, and that experts do not engage in reflection, but base their judgements on intuition, often shaped by extensive previous experience. Can we square the… Expand
The Cognitive Philosophy of Reflection
Hilary Kornblith argues that many traditional philosophical accounts involve problematic views of reflection (understood as second-order mental states). According to Kornblith, reflection does notExpand
The role of intuition in ethical reflection: exploratory research into ethics reflection groups
ABSTRACT In an interview study with ambulance nurses who participated in Ethics Reflection Groups (ERGs), we explored what role intuition plays in ethical reflection and we examined whether intuitionExpand
Constitutivism and the Self-Reflection Requirement
Constitutivists explicitly emphasize the importance of self-reflection for rational agency. Interestingly enough, there is no clear account of how and why self-reflection plays such an important roleExpand
A Blind Spot in Research on Foreign Language Effects in Judgment and Decision-Making
TLDR
This article indicates two routes to push forward research on FLE in judgment and decision-making, including expanding to explore also classes of fast and frugal heuristics, which have been shown to lead to accurate predictions in several contexts characterized by uncertainty. Expand
Filling in the Gaps: Priming and the Ethics of Pharmaceutical Advertising
  • P. Biegler
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal
  • 2015
TLDR
The case is built that Direct to Consumer Advertising of Prescription Pharmaceuticals (DTCA) operates as a prime that causes some viewers to prefer and pursue the advertised drug, and that priming in DTCA can undermine the autonomy of their medicine choices. Expand
Don't Mind the Gap: Intuitions, Emotions, and Reasons in the Enhancement Debate.
TLDR
The methodological divide between bioliberals and bioconservatives is more significant than at first glance it appears to be and less significant than it is often taken to be, by defending two theses. Expand
Learning from Adversity: Suffering and Wisdom
  • M. Brady
  • Psychology
  • The Value of Emotions for Knowledge
  • 2019
It is commonplace, in philosophy and in everyday life, to think that suffering, understood as a kind of negative affective experience, is bad. Nevertheless, the case can be made that suffering, inExpand
Character-Infused Ethical Decision Making
Despite a growing body of research by management scholars to understand and explain failures in ethical decision making (EDM), misconduct prevails. Scholars have identified character, founded inExpand
Wisdom and Mental Health Nursing
TLDR
Wisdom is considered to be a multidimensional construct in which lessons learned about life via evaluative reflection support people to grow as individuals as well as contribute to the common good. Expand
On the Redundancies of “Social Agency”
Abstract This chapter presents a philosophical argument about the “structure vs agency” debate—one of the central debates in social sciences. I do not argue for the primacy of either of the two butExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 72 REFERENCES
The Epistemic Benefits of Reason Giving
There is an apparent tension in current accounts of the relationship between reason giving and self-knowledge. Philosophers like Richard Moran (2001) claim that deliberation and justification canExpand
On the benefits of thinking unconsciously: Unconscious thought can increase post-choice satisfaction
This work compares conscious thought and unconscious thought in relation to quality of choice. Earlier work [Dijksterhuis, A. (2004). Think different: The merits of unconscious thought in preferenceExpand
Thinking too much: introspection can reduce the quality of preferences and decisions.
TLDR
College students who analyzed why they felt the way they did agreed less with the experts than students who did not, which caused people to make choices that corresponded less with expert opinion. Expand
Gladwell M. Blink: the power of thinking without thinking. Boston: Little, Brown, 2005.
TLDR
Malcolm Gladwell’s Blink offers exhausted professionals faced with executive responsibilities a version of epistemology that not only excuses, but glorifies, the snap decision. Expand
One's Remembered Past: Narrative Thinking, Emotion, and the External Perspective
Abstract Narrative thinking has a very important role in our ordinary everyday lives—in our thinking about fiction, about the historical past, about how things might have been, and about our own pastExpand
Maps of Bounded Rationality: Psychology for Behavioral Economics
The work cited by the Nobel committee was done jointly with Amos Tversky (1937-1996) during a long and unusually close collaboration. Together, we explored the psychology of intuitive beliefs andExpand
Self-knowledge: its limits, value, and potential for improvement.
TLDR
It is not always advantageous to hold self-perceptions that correspond perfectly with reality, but increasing awareness of nonconscious motives and personality is generally beneficial. Expand
Developing Expertise in Decision Making
How can we help people develop judgement and decision skills? One approach is to teach formal methods such as decision analyses, but these are difficult to apply in ill-structured settings, and theExpand
The emotional dog and its rational tail: a social intuitionist approach to moral judgment.
  • J. Haidt
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Psychological review
  • 2001
TLDR
The author gives 4 reasons for considering the hypothesis that moral reasoning does not cause moral judgment; rather, moral reasoning is usually a post hoc construction, generated after a judgment has been reached. Expand
Wisdom: Toward a psychology of wisdom and its ontogenesis
The conceptual focus of our approach is to conceive of wisdom as an expert knowledge system (expertise). Specifically, we view wisdom as a highly developed body of factual and procedural knowledgeExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...