Does mindfulness meditation contribute to health? Outcome evaluation of a German sample.

  title={Does mindfulness meditation contribute to health? Outcome evaluation of a German sample.},
  author={Marcus Majumdar and Paul Grossman and Barbara Dietz-Waschkowski and Susanne Kersig and Harald Walach},
  journal={Journal of alternative and complementary medicine},
  volume={8 6},
          719-30; discussion 731-5
OBJECTIVES This exploratory study is the first systematic outcome evaluation to examine the effects of an 8-week meditation-based program in mindfulness in a German sample. DESIGN Twenty-one (21) participants with chronic physical, psychologic, or psychosomatic illnesses were examined in a longitudinal pretest and post-treatment design with a 3-month follow-up. OUTCOME MEASURES Both quantitative and qualitative data were gathered. Emotional and general physical well-being, sense of… 

Tables from this paper

Effects of a Mindfulness Based Intervention on Psychological Distress and Romantic Relationships: Results of a Pilot Study
Various studies have demonstrated that mindfulness-based programs are related to positive psychological and physical outcomes. This pilot study was set out to investigate the relational and
Mindfulness-based stress reduction and health benefits. A meta-analysis.
Although derived from a relatively small number of studies, these results suggest that MBSR may help a broad range of individuals to cope with their clinical and nonclinical problems.
Mindfulness-based stress reduction: what processes are at work?
  • P. Dobkin
  • Psychology
    Complementary therapies in clinical practice
  • 2008
Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction in rheumatoid arthritis patients.
Mindfulness meditation may complement medical disease management by improving psychological distress and strengthening well-being in patients with rheumatoid arthritis through a randomized, waitlist-controlled pilot study.
Do Mindfulness Meditation Participants Do Their Homework? And Does It Make a Difference? A Review of the Empirical Evidence
Mindfulness-based interventions have been shown to alleviate symptoms of a wide range of physical and mental health conditions. Regular between-session practice of mindfulness meditation is among the
Mindfulness to Reduce Psychosocial Stress
While the adverse impact of stress on health states has been established, effective stress reduction programs are largely underused in clinical settings. In an area with little published information,
Enhanced psychosocial well-being following participation in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program is associated with increased natural killer cell activity.
Positive improvement in psychologic well-being following MBSR was associated with increased NK cytolytic activity and decreased levels of CRP, and significant improvements in anxiety and overall distress were observed from baseline to post-MBSR.
Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Physical Conditions: A Narrative Review Evaluating Levels of Evidence
A Discussion of the phenomenological experience of coping with a chronic and potentially life-threatening illness is discussed, followed by a theoretical discussion of the application of mindfulness in these situations, and the literature evaluating MBIs within medical conditions is comprehensively reviewed.
Mindfulness, spirituality, and health-related symptoms.


Stress reduction through mindfulness meditation. Effects on psychological symptomatology, sense of control, and spiritual experiences.
  • J. Astin
  • Psychology
    Psychotherapy and psychosomatics
  • 1997
The techniques of mindfulness meditation, with their emphasis on developing detached observation and awareness of the contents of consciousness, may represent a powerful cognitive behavioral coping strategy for transforming the ways in which the authors respond to life events.
Effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Medical and Premedical Students
Participation in the 8-week meditation-based stress reduction intervention can effectively reduce self-reported state and trait anxiety, reduce reports of overall psychological distress including depression, and increase scores on overall empathy levels.
Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress reduction program in the treatment of anxiety disorders.
A group mindfulness meditation training program can effectively reduce symptoms of anxiety and panic and can help maintain these reductions in patients with generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or panic disorder with agoraphobia.
The clinical use of mindfulness meditation for the self-regulation of chronic pain
At follow-up, the improvements observed during the meditation training were maintained up to 15 months post-meditation training for all measures except present-moment pain, and the relationship of mindfulness meditation to other psychological methods for chronic pain control is discussed.
The impact of a meditation-based stress reduction program on fibromyalgia.
Transcendental meditation, mindfulness, and longevity: an experimental study with the elderly.
A planned comparison indicated that the "restful alert" TM group improved most, followed by MF, in contrast to relaxation and no-treatment groups, on paired associate learning; 2 measures of cognitive flexibility; mental health; systolic blood pressure; and ratings of behavioral flexibility, aging, and treatment efficacy.
An Exploratory Study of a Meditation-based Intervention for Binge Eating Disorder
Results suggest that meditation training may be an effective component in treating BED, and time using eatingrelated meditations predicted decreases on the BES.
A pilot study of cognitive behavioral therapy in fibromyalgia.
A mind-body intervention including patient education, meditation techniques, and movement therapy appears to be an effective adjunctive therapy for patients with fibromyalgia.
Four‐Year Follow‐Up of a Meditation‐Based Program for the Self‐Regulation of Chronic Pain: Treatment Outcomes and Compliance
It is concluded that such training in mindfulness meditation can have long-term benefit for chronic pain patients.