Does malaria epidemiology project Cameroon as ‘Africa in miniature’?

@article{Mbenda2014DoesME,
  title={Does malaria epidemiology project Cameroon as ‘Africa in miniature’?},
  author={Huguette Gaelle Ngassa Mbenda and Gauri Awasthi and Poonam Khetrapal Singh and Inocent Gouado and Aparup Das},
  journal={Journal of Biosciences},
  year={2014},
  volume={39},
  pages={727-738}
}
Cameroon, a west-central African country with a ~20 million population, is commonly regarded as ‘Africa in miniature’ due to the extensive biological and cultural diversities of whole Africa being present in a single-country setting. This country is inhabited by ancestral human lineages in unique eco-climatic conditions and diverse topography. Over 90% Cameroonians are at risk of malaria infection, and ~41% have at least one episode of malaria each year. Historically, the rate of malaria… 

Bionomics and vectorial role of anophelines in wetlands along the volcanic chain of Cameroon

The present study represents detailed Anopheles vector characterisation from an understudied area along the volcanic chain of Cameroon with endemic malaria transmission and highlights the importance of providing baseline data and an opportunity to assess the outcome of ongoing malaria control interventions in the country.

Identification of the Plasmodium species in clinical samples from children residing in five epidemiological strata of malaria in Cameroon

P. falciparum was the only species causing clinical malaria in the target population, which is contrary to studies that have reported P. ovale, P. vivax, B. malariae and P. knowlesi as causingclinical malaria in Cameroon.

Influences of Rainfall and Temperature on Malaria Endemicity in Cameroon: Emphasis on Bonaberi District

Relating the influence of climate on the occurrence of a vector-borne disease like malaria quantitatively is quite challenging. To better understand the disease endemicity, the effects of climate

Molecular Evidence of Plasmodium vivax Mono and Mixed Malaria Parasite Infections in Duffy-Negative Native Cameroonians

Evidence of single P.vivax as well as mixed malaria parasite infection in native Cameroonians is provided and knowledge is added to the growing evidences of P. vivax infection in Duffy-negative Africans.

Altitudinal variation in the parasitological and entomological indices of malaria around Mount Cameroon, South West Region of Cameroon

The heterogeneity in the parasitological and entomologic indices of malaria transmission from sites of contrasting altitudes in the Mt. Cameroon region was defined and P. falciparum was found to be the most prevalent Plasmodium species infecting children and An.

Differences in malaria and haematocrit presentation in children living in different settings, North West Region, Cameroon

Malaria control interventions should be based on evident spatial and temporal heterogeneity of Plasmodium species in a particular area so as not to waste resources that would only be of limited effectiveness and value to the populations at risk.

Enhancing Malaria Prevention in Cameroon Through Community Participation: An in-Depth Review

Analysis of the factors influencing malaria prevention in Cameroon, reveals that current measures alone are insufficient and a combination of multiple delivery strategies using an integrated community-based approach is likely to be more effective in breaking the transmission cycle than single programme interventions.

Effect of Impregnated Mosquito Bed Nets on the Prevalence of Malaria among Pregnant Women in Foumban Subdivision, West Region of Cameroon

Increased access to impregnated mosquito bed nets is required to lower the risk of malaria infection amongst pregnant women in Cameroon and the Cameroon government should improve health education to families within the locality and pursue an integrated approach to fight against mosquitoes during the rainy season.

Analysis of genetic diversity in the chloroquine-resistant gene Pfcrt in field Plasmodium falciparum isolates from five regions of the southern Cameroon.

Socioeconomic Determinants of Malaria Prevention Options Adoption of Households in the North West Region of Cameroon

The study recommends further sensitization campaigns; creation of community-based malaria control committees; sponsored media programs; household empowerment programs, free distribution of Insecticide Treated Bed Nets, the use of holistic rather than individualistic malaria prevention strategies, among others as specific policy measures that can health achieve the much desired goal of eradicating malaria in the North West Region and Cameroon as a whole.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 113 REFERENCES

[Malaria vector control in Cameroon: past, present, future. Reflections].

During the fifties, large scale malaria vector control projects based upon house spraying and the efficacy of pyrethroid treated mosquito nets (IMN) in different areas of southern forested area against different malaria vectors appeared, it thus clearly appeared that IMN were very successful in sharply reducing malaria transmission aAd morbidity.

Failure to detect Plasmodium vivax in West and Central Africa by PCR species typing

The prevalence of P. vivax in local populations in sub-Saharan Africa is very low, despite the frequent identification of this parasite in non-African travellers, as confirmed in Sao Tome, an island off the west coast of Africa.

Malaria transmission and rice cultivation in Lagdo, northern Cameroon.

Outcome of severe malaria in children in two district hospitals in Cameroon

The main aim was to describe the evolution and outcome of severe malaria on management following the current WHO treatment guidelines and recommend the generalisation of the protocol throughout the national territory in Cameroon and further training of health personnel to facilitate the utilisation ofThe protocol.

The public health impact of chloroquine resistance in Africa.

  • J. Trape
  • Medicine
    The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene
  • 2001
It is shown that since the late 1980s convincing evidence of a major public health impact of the spread of chloroquine resistance has been available and there is an urgent need to change treatment policies in Africa.

Duffy Phenotype and Plasmodium vivax infections in Humans and Apes, Africa

It is argued that, given the high malaria transmission rates in sub-Saharan Africa, it is plausible that the 1%–5% of the human population who are Duffy positive might maintain the transmission of the parasite.

Unravelling complexities in human malaria transmission dynamics in Africa through a comprehensive knowledge of vector populations.

Seasonal prevalence of malaria vectors and entomological inoculation rates in the rubber cultivated area of Niete, South Region of Cameroon

Environmental modifications due to agro-industrial activities might have influenced vector distribution and the dynamics of malaria transmission in this area and necessitates the possible implementation of control strategies that are related to the eco-geography of the area.

Habitat suitability and ecological niche profile of major malaria vectors in Cameroon

The distribution of major malaria vectors in Cameroon is strongly affected by the impact of humans on the environment, with variables related to proximity to human settings being among the best predictors of habitat suitability.
...