• Corpus ID: 233388031

Does home advantage without crowd exist in American football

  title={Does home advantage without crowd exist in American football},
  author={D'avid Zolt'an Szab'o and Diego Andr'es P'erez},
  journal={Research Papers in Economics},
It is well-known that home team has an inherent advantage against visiting teams when playing team sports. One of the most obvious underlying reasons, the presence of supporting fans has mostly disappeared in major leagues with the emergence of COVID-19 pandemic. This paper investigates with the help of historical National Football League (NFL) data, how much effect spectators have on the game outcome. Our findings reveal that under no allowance of spectators the home teams' performance is… 

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