Does competition enhance or inhibit motor performance: a meta-analysis.

@article{Stanne1999DoesCE,
  title={Does competition enhance or inhibit motor performance: a meta-analysis.},
  author={M B Stanne and David Wayne Johnson and Roger T. Johnson},
  journal={Psychological bulletin},
  year={1999},
  volume={125 1},
  pages={
          133-54
        }
}
A meta-analysis was conducted on the relative impact of cooperative, competitive, and individualistic efforts on motor skills performance. Competition was divided into 3 groups: zero sum, appropriate, and unclear. The motor skills tasks were divided into means-interdependent and means-independent tasks. The dependent variables were achievement-performance, interpersonal attraction, social support, and self-esteem. A total of 64 studies met the criteria for inclusion. Effects sizes were computed… CONTINUE READING
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