Does cigarette smoking cause stress?

@article{Parrott1999DoesCS,
  title={Does cigarette smoking cause stress?},
  author={Andrew C. Parrott},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  year={1999},
  volume={54 10},
  pages={817-20}
}
Smokers often report that cigarettes help relieve feelings of stress. However, the stress levels of adult smokers are slightly higher than those of nonsmokers, adolescent smokers report increasing levels of stress as they develop regular patterns of smoking, and smoking cessation leads to reduced stress. Far from acting as an aid for mood control, nicotine dependency seems to exacerbate stress. This is confirmed in the daily mood patterns described by smokers, with normal moods during smoking… CONTINUE READING
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