Does childhood sexual abuse cause adult psychiatric disorders? Essentials of methodology

  title={Does childhood sexual abuse cause adult psychiatric disorders? Essentials of methodology},
  author={Harrison G Pope and James I Hudson},
  journal={Journal of Psychiatry and Law},
  pages={363 - 381}
  • H. Pope, J. Hudson
  • Published 1 September 1995
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Psychiatry and Law
Numerous recent studies have suggested a possible link between childhood sexual abuse and adult psychiatric disorders. However, these studies must be interpreted with careful attention to the problems of selection bias, information bias, and the effects of confounding variables. To our knowledge, no available studies in the scientific literature have adequately controlled for all three of these sources of error. Indeed, many published studies are so vulnerable to these forms of error that they… 

The Role of Child Sexual Abuse in the Etiology of Substance-Related Disorders

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Child Sexual Abuse in the Etiology of Anxiety Disorders

There is evidence that child sexual abuse is a significant, although general and nonspecific, risk factor for anxiety disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder, regardless of gender of the victim and severity of abuse.

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  • R. Maniglio
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  • 2010
There is evidence that child sexual abuse is a significant, although general and nonspecific, risk factor for depression, and programs should focus not only on treating symptoms, but also on reducing additional risk factors.

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  • T. GustafsonD. Sarwer
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    Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 2004
Additional research on the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and obesity is clearly needed, not only to address the outstanding empirical issues but also to guide clinical care.

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  • R. Maniglio
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  • 2014
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Prevalence of child sexual abuse among adults and youths with bipolar disorder: a systematic review.

Childhood sexual abuse and adult psychiatric and substance use disorders in women: an epidemiological and cotwin control analysis.

Results are consistent with the hypothesis that CSA is causally related to an increased risk for psychiatric and substance abuse disorders and cannot be explained by background familial factors.

Childhood Sexual Abuse and Adult Sexual Dysfunction: Response to Commentary by Rind and Tromovitch (2007)

The available evidence indicates an association between CSA and sexual dysfunction that is of “moderate” magnitude, probably causal, and unlikely to be a consequence of confounding or measurement error.



Methodological issues in the study of sexual abuse effects.

  • J. Briere
  • Psychology
    Journal of consulting and clinical psychology
  • 1992
The findings have been helpful in informing social policy and guiding mental health practice, but many of these studies have used correlational designs and retrospective reports of abuse.

Child sexual abuse: immediate and long-term effects and intervention.

  • A. Green
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
  • 1993
There appears to be considerable variability in the severity of the symptoms, and the authors remain ignorant of sequelae in abused children who never enter the mental health system, but some of these children may become symptomatic in adult life.

Medical and psychiatric symptoms in women with childhood sexual abuse.

Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that number of somatization symptoms, lifetime panic disorder and drug dependence were predictive of a prior history of severe childhood sexual abuse, and Clinicians should inquire about childhood sexual and physical abuse experiences in patients with multiple medical and psychiatric symptoms, particularly patients with chronic pelvic pain.

Childhood sexual abuse in women with bulimia.

The presence of bulimia should alert clinicians to screen for concomitant depression, suicidality, and substance abuse as well as the possibility of severe, if hidden, familial pathology and environmental disruption including sexual abuse, parental psychopathology, and character deficits.

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Repressed Memories: A Journey to Recovery from Sexual Abuse

Millions of adults were sexually, physically or mentally abused as children, and the road to wholeness as an adult is often long and painful. This book provides the encouragement for today's adults