Does cannibalism in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) reduce the risk of predation?

@article{Chapman2000DoesCI,
  title={Does cannibalism in Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) reduce the risk of predation?},
  author={Jason W. Chapman and Trevor Williams and Ana Mabel Mart{\'i}nez and Juan Cisneros and Primitivo Caballero and Ronald D. Cave and Dave Goulson},
  journal={Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology},
  year={2000},
  volume={48},
  pages={321-327}
}
Abstract The incidence of cannibalism of larval Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on maize under field conditions was investigated using field cages. Cannibalism was found to account for approximately 40% mortality when maize plants were infested with two or four fourth-instar larvae over a 3-day period. Field trials examined the effect of larval density on the prevalence of natural enemies of S. frugiperda. The abundance of predators (earwigs, staphylinids, other predatory beetles… Expand
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