Does aging impair first impression accuracy? Differentiating emotion recognition from complex social inferences.

@article{Krendl2014DoesAI,
  title={Does aging impair first impression accuracy? Differentiating emotion recognition from complex social inferences.},
  author={Anne C. Krendl and Nicholas O. Rule and Nalini Ambady},
  journal={Psychology and aging},
  year={2014},
  volume={29 3},
  pages={
          482-90
        }
}
Young adults can be surprisingly accurate at making inferences about people from their faces. Although these first impressions have important consequences for both the perceiver and the target, it remains an open question whether first impression accuracy is preserved with age. Specifically, could age differences in impressions toward others stem from age-related deficits in accurately detecting complex social cues? Research on aging and impression formation suggests that young and older adults… 

Tables and Topics from this paper

Effects of age on the identification of emotions in facial expressions: a meta-analysis
TLDR
Age-related differences in emotion identification show that older adults less accurately identify facial expressions of anger, sadness, fear, surprise, and happiness compared to younger adults, strengthening the results obtained by Ruffman et al. (2008).
Task characteristics influence facial emotion recognition age-effects: A meta-analytic review.
TLDR
Diversity in the age-effects produced by different facial emotion recognition task designs has for understanding real-world deficits and task selection in future emotion recognition studies is discussed.
Age-related differences in evaluation of social attributes from computer-generated faces of varying intensity.
TLDR
Investigation of age-related differences in judgments of a wide range of social attributes based on facial appearance shows that aging is associated with preference toward positive and away from negative information and extends this positivity effect to social perception of faces.
Age differences in facial trustworthiness perception are diminished by affective processing
While perceptions of facial trustworthiness usually serve as our first references for social interactions, these impressions may ultimately turn out to be inaccurate or unreliable. Compared with
Age-Related Physical Changes Interfere With Judgments of Male Sexual Orientation From Faces
TLDR
It was found that OA and YA judged sexual orientation with similar accuracy, and perceptions of masculinity were valid only for judgments of YA.
Emotion Recognition Ability in Older Adults
This thesis investigated the extent of age-related emotion recognition deficits across several emotions, presentations, and stimuli types. Evidence suggests that older adults (OAs) are less able than
Age Effects on Trustworthiness Activation and Trust Biases in Face Perception
TLDR
A pronounced trust bias in aging may be related to greater dynamic activation of trustworthiness (vs untrustworthiness) when perceiving faces, which is related to enhanced trust.
Emotional competencies across adulthood : State of knowledge and implications for the work context
It has been proposed that emotional competencies are subject to age-related increases and, thus, represent strengths of older workers. However, this assumption is based on limited evidence for
Individual Differences in Interpersonal Accuracy: A Multi-Level Meta-Analysis to Assess Whether Judging Other People is One Skill or Many
Research into individual differences in interpersonal accuracy (IPA; the ability to accurately judge others’ emotions, intentions, traits, truthfulness, and other social characteristics) has a long
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 88 REFERENCES
Older Adults’ Trait Impressions of Faces Are Sensitive to Subtle Resemblance to Emotions
TLDR
It is found that both OA and YA showed anger and surprise overgeneralization in ratings of danger and naiveté, respectively, with no significant differences in the strength of the effects for the two age groups.
Older and younger adults' first impressions from faces: similar in agreement but different in positivity.
TLDR
OA showed more positive impressions of the health, hostility, and trustworthiness of faces, and these effects tended to be strongest for the most negatively valenced faces, suggesting that they derive from OA lesser processing of negative cues rather than greater processing of positive cues.
Aging and social expertise: the impact of trait-diagnostic information on impressions of others.
TLDR
The findings are interpreted as demonstrating an aging-related increase in social expertise in which knowledge regarding the underlying bases for the behaviors of others has been translated in specific procedural knowledge.
Age differences in emotion recognition skills and the visual scanning of emotion faces.
TLDR
Although better emotion recognition performance was significantly correlated with more eye looking in younger adults, the same was not true in older adults, and this was discussed in terms of brain changes with age.
Adult age differences in impression change processes.
TLDR
No support for the prediction that older adults would be less likely than younger adults to integrate new, inconsistent information in the schema-based memory representation was found; instead, young and older adults varied in their weighting of different types of information, which subsequently affected their impressions and memory for specific behavioral information.
Age similarities in recognizing threat from faces and diagnostic cues.
TLDR
OA can be just as accurate as YA when it comes to discerning actual differences in the aggressiveness of young men, despite previous evidence for positivity biases in OA.
A meta-analytic review of emotion recognition and aging: Implications for neuropsychological models of aging
Challenges older adults face in detecting deceit: the role of emotion recognition.
TLDR
In older adults, reduced emotion recognition was related to poor deceit detection in the visual condition for crime interviews only, and this may be related to impairments in emotion recognition.
Emotional faces in context: age differences in recognition accuracy and scanning patterns.
TLDR
Compared to younger adults, older adults exhibited a greater benefit from congruent contextual information, regardless of facial expression, which influenced the pattern of visual scanning characteristics of emotional faces in a similar manner across age groups.
Aging and impression formation: the impact of processing skills and goals.
  • T. Hess, K. Follett, K. McGee
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences
  • 1998
TLDR
Examining how presumed age-related changes in processing efficiency and motivation affected performance in an impression formation task found that increasing age was associated with increasing age being associated with no change in the processing of evaluative information, and less use of specific traits to organize impressions.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...